2021-1977高考英语真题分类—阅读理解E(总汇)

2021-1977高考英语真题分类—阅读理解E(总汇)

2021-1977高考英语全国卷真题阅读理解E(总汇)

 

史上最强高考英语真题分类汇编电子档!

您想知道自1977年恢复高考制度以来,高考英语全国卷的阅读理解命题是如何变迁的吗?

您想通过真题大数据来研究高考英语阅读理解的各种规律吗?比如选择材料的规律(题材、体裁、长度、难度等),设置考点的规律(细节理解题、主旨大意题、推理判断题、词义猜测题等)……

如果您是学生,您想系统地练习高考英语阅读理解真题吗?如果您是老师,您想给您的学生系统地练习高考英语阅读理解真题吗?

……

——本文件整理汇编了自1977年恢复高考制度以来高考英语全国卷真题的阅读理解E的所有材料,应该对您有所帮助!

有关试题编序的说明:

2004年开始,部分省市实行自主命题,同时也开始出现多套全国卷,为便于区分,本文件将多套全国卷分别取名为全国卷1”“全国卷2”“全国卷3”等(有些资料以全国甲卷、全国乙卷、全国丙卷等进行区分,其中的全国乙卷对应本资料的全国卷1”,因为“1”同音,全国甲卷对应本资料的全国卷3”全国丙卷对应本资料的全国卷3”)。另外,

2007年教育部开始在宁夏和海南两省启用课标卷,而未使用课标卷的俗称大纲卷。为统一名称,在本文件中,所有的全国卷仍以全国卷1”“全国卷2”“全国卷3”等相称,并将课标卷排在前面(如全国卷1、全国卷2),大纲卷排在后面(如全国卷3)。

2020年开始教育部在山东和海南实施真正意义的新课标(2017版课标)高考英语,本文件称之为新全国卷,而其他非新高考卷则称全国卷

 

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▲2014全国卷3-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

Which boy hasn’t dreamed of being a cool secret agent (特工)? The wonderful fighting abilities and the world-saving adventures are much more colourful than most people’s everyday lives. Well, Cody Banks is just like any other boy, except that he is not just dreaming. He has a big secret his friends never know about. He was trained to be a spy (间谍) by a special CIA programme, which was made to look like a summer camp. He learned high-speed driving, hand-to-hand fighting and the use of high-tech tools.

After proving he could become a young hero by saving a baby from a runaway car, Banks gets his first real task. He must make friends with a popular girl at school, Natalie Connors. Then, he must spy on her father, a scientist who has developed a dangerous technology (技术). Banks must stop a group of bad people from forcing Natalie’s father into using the technology to endanger the world.

The CIA may have taught him first-class self-defence moves, but they didn’t show him how to talk to girls. Banks has zero ability when it comes to dealing with girls. How can he get around his problem and get an invitation to the girl’s upcoming birthday party? Will he finally become Natalie’s boyfriend and find out whatever he can about her father’s work?

Agent Cody Banks has everything that young people are interested in: big explosions, breath-taking performances and funny girl-dating experiences. It was listed No. 2 in the American box office last week.

“This story is interesting and fun for the whole family to enjoy, and especially cool for young boys,” said Paul Perkins, a film reviewer in the US.

72.What is Banks’ first real task?

A.To test a high-tech tool.

B.To save a baby from a car.

C.To study a new technology.

D.To watch a scientist secretly.

73.Banks wanted to go to Natalie’s birthday party to ________.

A.meet her father

B.know more people

C.make friends with her

D.steal some information

74.What is considered as a great danger in the text?

A.The technology developed by Natalie’s father.

B.An explosion set off by some bad people.

C.The CIA’s training of boys for its tasks.

D.Secret agents’ spying on scientists.

75.What is the purpose of the text?

A.Making known the work of the CIA.

B.Telling the story about a cool boy.

C.Showing the dark side of science.

D.Introducing a new film.

答案:72—75 DCAD

 

▲2013全国卷3-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

The oldest and most common source (来源) of renewable energy known to man, biomass is one of the most important forms of energy production in the United States and elsewhere. Since such a wide variety of biomass materials is everywhere—from trees and grasses to agricultural and city-life wastes—biomass promises to play a continuing role in providing power and heat for millions of people around the world.

According to the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS), biomass is a kind of renewable energy source that produces no carbon dioxide (二氧化碳), because the energy it contains comes from the sun. When plant matter is burned, it gives off the sun’s energy. In this way, biomass serves as a sort of natural battery (电池) for storing the sun’s energy. As long as biomass is produced continuously—with only as much grown as is used—the “battery” lasts forever.

According to the Energy Information Administration, biomass has been one of the leading renewable energy sources in the United States for several years running through 2007, making up between 0.5 and 0.9 percent of the nation’s total electricity supply. In 2008—although the numbers aren’t all in yet—wind power probably took over first place because of the rapid development of wind farms across the country.

Producing power from biomass helps reduce some 11 million tons of carbon dioxide each year. Some homeowners also try to make their own heat by using biomass materials. Such practice may save homeowner’s money, but it also produces a lot of pollution. So, the best way is to encourage power plants to use it.

72. Why is biomass considered as “a sort of natural battery”?

A.It burns merely plant matter.    B.It keeps producing electricity.

C.It stores the energy from the sun.                     D.It produces zero carbon dioxide.

73. We learn from the text that in 2008 ______.

A.Wind power would be the leader of renewable energy.

B.there was a rapid growth of electricity production

C.biomass might become the main energy source

D.0.5~0.9 of power supply came from biomass

74. Why does the author encourage power plants to use biomass?

A.To prevent the waste of energy.                        B.To increase production safety.

C.To reduce pollution.                 D.To save money.

75. Where does the text probably come from?

A.A research plan.                      B.A science magazine

C.A book review.                        D.A business report.

答案:72—75 CACB

 

▲2012全国卷1-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

Are you looking for some new and exciting places to take your kids (孩子) to? Try some of these places:

Visit art museums. They offer a variety of activities to excite your kids’ interest. Many offer workshops for making hand-made pieces, traveling exhibits, book signings by children’s favorite writers, and even musical performances and other arts.

Head to a natural history museum. This is where kids can discover the past from dinosaur (恐龙) models to rock collections and pictures of stars in the sky. Also, ask what kind of workshops and educational programs are prepared for kids and any special events that are coming up.

Go to a Youtheater. Look for one in your area offering plays for child and family visitors. Preshow play shops are conducted by area artists and educators where kids can discover the secret about performing arts. Puppet (木偶) making and stage make-up are just a couple of the special offerings you might find.

Try hands-on science. Visit one of the many hands-on science museums around the country. These science play-lands are great fun for kids and grown-ups alike. They’ll keep your child mentally and physically active the whole day through while pushing buttons, experimenting, and building. When everyone is tired, enjoy a fun family science show, commonly found in these museums.

72.If a child is interested in the universe, he probably will visit ________.

A. a Youtheater                           B. an art museum

C. a natural history museum       D. a hands-on science museum

73.What can kids do at a Youtheater?

A. Look at rock collections.         B. See dinosaur models.

C. Watch puppet making.            D. Give performances.

74.What does “hands-on science” mean in the last paragraph?

A. Science games designed by kids.                    B. Learning science by doing things.

C. A show of kids’ science work. D. Reading science books.

75.Where does this text probably come from?

A. A science textbook.                B. A tourist map.

C. A museum guide.                                            D. A news report.

答案:72—75 CCBC

 

▲2012全国2-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

Make Up Your Mind to Succeed

Kind-hearted parents have unknowingly left their children defenseless against failure. The generation born between 1980 and 2001 grew up playing sports where scores and performance were played down because “everyone’s a winner. ” And their report cards sounded more positive (正面的) than ever before. As a result, Stanford University professor Carol Dweck, PhD, calls them “the overpraised generation. ”

Dweck has been studying how people deal with failure for 40 years. Her research has led her to find out two clearly different mind-sets that have a great effect on how we react to it. Here’s how they work:

A fixed mind-set is grounded in the belief that talent (才能) is genetic—you’re a born artist, point guard, or numbers person. The fixed mind-set believes it’s sure to succeed without much effort and regards failure as personal shame. When things get difficult, it’s quick to blame, lie, and even stay away from future difficulties.

On the other hand, a growth mind-set believes that no talent is entirely heaven-sent and that effort and learning make everything possible. Because the ego (自尊) isn’t on the line as much, the growth mind-set sees failure as a chance rather than shame. When faced with a difficulty, it’s quick to rethink, change and try again. In fact, it enjoys this experience.

We are all born with growth mind-sets. (Otherwise, we wouldn’t be able to live in the world. ) But parents, teachers, and instructors often push us into fixed mind-sets by encouraging certain actions and misdirecting praise. Dweck’s book, Mind-set: The New Psychology of Success, and online instructional program explain this in depth. But she says there are many little things you can start doing today to make sure that your children, grandchildren and even you are never defeated by failure.

57.What does the author think about the present generation?

A. They don’t do well at school.

B. They are often misunderstood.

C. They are eager to win in sports.

D. They are given too much praise.

58.A fixed mind-set person is probably one who ________.

A. doesn’t want to work hard

B. cares a lot about personal safety

C. cannot share his ideas with others

D. can succeed with the help of teachers

59.What does the growth mind-set believe?

A. Admitting failure is shameful.

B. Talent comes with one’s birth.

C. Scores should be highly valued.

D. Getting over difficulties is enjoyable.

60.What should parents do for their children based on Dweck’s study?

A. Encourage them to learn from failures.

B. Prevent them from making mistakes.

C. Guide them in doing little things.

D. Help them grow with praise.

答案:57—60 DADA

 

▲2011全国卷1-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

Wanted, Someone for a Kiss

Were looking for producers to join us on the sound of London Kiss 100 FM. Youll work on the stations music programmes. Music production experience in radio in necessary, along with rich knowledge of modern dance music. Please apply (申请) in writing to Producer Vacancies, Kiss 100.

Father Christmas

Were looking for a very special person, preferably over 40, to fill our Father Christmas suit.

Working days: Every Saturday from November 24 to December 15 and every day from December 17 to December 24 except Sundays, 10:30-16:00.

Excellent pay

Please contact (联系) the Enterprise Shopping Centre, Station Parade, Eastbourne.

Accountants Assistant

When you join the team in our Revenue Administration Unit, you will be providing assistance within all parts of the Revenue Division, dealing with post and other general duties. If you are educated to GCSE grade C level we would like to talk to you. This position is equally suitable for a school leaver or for somebody who has office experience.

Wealden District Council

Software Trainer

If you are aged 24~25 and have experience in teaching and training, you could be the person we are looking for. You should be good at the computer and have some experience in programme wrting. You will be allowed to make your own decisions, and to design courses as well as present them. Pay upwards of 15,000 for the right person. Please apply by sending your CV(简历) to Mrs R. Oglivie, Palmlace Limited.

72. Who should you get in touch with if you hope to work in a radio station?

A.Producer Vacancies, Kiss 100.                        B.Mrs Oglivie, Palmlace Limited.

C.The Enterprise Shopping Centre.                     D.Wealden District Council.

73. We learn from the ads that the Enterprise Shopping Centre needs a person who ______.

A.is aged between 24 and 40     B.may do some training work

C.should deal with general duties                        D.can work for about a month

74. Which position is open to recent school graduates?

A.Producer, London Kiss.          B.Father Christmas.

C.Accountants Assistant.           D.Software Trainer.

75. What kind of person would probably apply to Palmlace Limited?

A.One with GCSE grade C level.

B.One with some office experience.

C.One having good computer knowledge.

D.One trained in producing music programmes.

答案:72—75 ADCC

 

▲2011全国卷2-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

“I didnt hear them call my name,” explained Shelley Hennig to Active Teens (AT) as she talked about that exciting moment on national television when she won the honor of Miss Teen USA 2004. “Are you ready?” is what she heard. Then she said, “I shook my head no, and then they said ‘yes’ and it was announced again.”

It was four days after that life changing moment for the seventeen-year-old high school student from Destrehan, Louisiana—she was still on cloud nine.

“I was so shocked! I never believed that it could actually really happen.” Present in the audience (观众) that day were: her mother and father, older brother, her friends, and her dance teacher.

Understanding why members of her family and her friends would be there, AT asked why her dance teacher had traveled so far to see her compete (比赛). “Shes always been my role model. Ive danced with her since I was six. Shes been through so many difficulties and came through them all. Ive learned to get over bad lifes experiences and learned how to move on because of her. ”

One of those bad lifes experiences for Shelley happened three years ago when her brother Brad was killed in a drunk driving accident. He was 18. She found writing helped her get through the rough days. She said, “I write a lot about my brother. I write a lot, a lot, a lot... ”

As Miss Louisiana Teen, she traveled around the state speaking to teens (青少年) about the dangers of drinking and driving. In her role as Miss Teen USA, Shelley will continue to speak to youth about safe driving, in addition to many other things to help the youth.

When AT asked Miss Teen USA if she had any advice for our readers, she said, “Dont let anyone change you. Hang out with people that make you feel good about yourself. That way, it is easy to be yourself. ”

56. What do the words “on cloud nine” in Paragraph 2 probably mean?

A.Frightened.   B.Troubled.       C.Very happy.   D.Very angry.

57. Shelley takes her dance teacher as a role model mainly because she is ______.

A.determined   B.friendly          C.strict             D.experienced

58. How many children did the Hennigs have according to the text?

A.1.                 B.2.                  C.3.                  D.4.

59. What did Shelley often do after she became Miss Louisiana Teen?

A.She visited drunken drivers.   B.She gave dance performances.

C.She made speeches on safe driving.                D.She helped other teens with their studies.

60. What suggestion does Shelley give to the teens?

A.Be yourself with the support of friends.

B.Meet friends whenever possible.

C.Go easy on yourself and others.

D.Have a good role model.

答案:56—60 CACCA

 

▲2010全国卷1-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

There were smiling children all the way. Charily they knew at what time the train passed their homes and they made it their business to stand along the railway, wave to complete strangers and cheer them up as they rushed towards Penang. Often whole families stood outside their homes and waved and smiled as if those on the trains were their favorite relatives. This is the simple village people of Maiaysia. I was moved.

I had always traveled to Malaysia by plane or car, so this was the first time I was on a train. I did not particularly relish the long train journey and had brought along a dozen magazines to read and reread. I looked about the train. There was not one familiar face. I sighed and sat down to read my Economics.

It was not long before the train was across the Causeway and in Malaysia. Johore Baru was just another city like Singapore, so I was tired of looking at the crowds of people as they hurried past. As we went beyond the city, I watched the straight rows of rubber trees and miles and miles of green. Then the first village came into sight, Immediately I came alive; I decided to wave hack.

From then on my journey became interesting. I threw my magazines into the waste basket and decided to join in Malaysian life. Then everything came alive. The mountains seemed to speak to me. Even the trees were smiling. I stared at everything as if I was looking at it for the first time.

The day passed fast and I even forgot to have my lunch until I felt hungry. I looked at my watch and was surprised that it was 3:00 pm. Soon the train pulled up at Butterworth. I looked at the people all around me. They all looked beautiful. When my uncle arrived with a smile, I threw my arms around him to give him a warm hug (拥抱). I had never done this before. He seemed surprised and then his weather-beaten face warmed up with a huge smile. We walked arm in arm to his car.

I looked forward to the return journey.

71. The author expected the train trip to be ______.

A. adventurous

B. pleasant

C. exciting

D. dull

72. What did the author remember most fondly of her train trip?

A. The friendly country people.

B. The mountains along the way.

C. The crowds of people in the streets.

D. The simple lunch served on the train.

73. Which of the following words can best take the place of the word “relish” in the second paragraph?

A. choose

B. enjoy

C. prepare for

D. carry on

74. Where was the writer going?

A. Johore Baru.

B. The Causeway.

C. Butterworth.

D. Singapore.

75. What can we learn from the story?

A. Comfort in traveling by t rain.

B. Pleasure of living in the country.

C. Reading gives people delight.

D. Smiles brighten people up.

答案:71—75 DABCD

 

▲2010全国卷2-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

How words came into being is unknown. All we assume (推测) is that some early men invented certain sounds, in one way or another, to express thoughts and feelings, actions and things, so that they could talk with each other. Later they agreed upon certain signs, called letters, which could be put together to show those sounds, and which could be written down. Those sounds, whether spoken or written in letters, are called words.

The power of words, then, lies in their associations—the things they bring up to our minds. Words become filled with meaning for us by experience; and the longer we tire, the more certain words bring back to us the happy and sad events of our past; and the more we read and learn, the more the number of words that mean something to us increases.

Great writers are those who not only have great thoughts but also express these thoughts in words which have powerful effects on our minds and feelings. This clever use of words is what we call literary style (文体). Above all, the real poet is a master of words. He can express his meaning in words which sing like music, and which by their position and association can move men to tears, We should therefore learn to choose our words carefully and use them correctly, or they will make our speech silly and common.

58. We learn from the text that language might have begun with______.

A. expressions   B. actions

C. signs             D. sounds

59. What is mainly discussed in Paragraph 2?

A. The learning of new words.

B. The importance of old words

C. The relation of human experience with words.

D. The gradual change and development of words.

60. In the last paragraph, what does the author suggest that we should do?

A. Use words skillfully.

B. Make musical speeches

C. Learn poems by heart.

D. Associate with listeners.

答案:58—60 DCA

 

▲2009全国卷1-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

Sunday, October 5

Clear, 69°F

My wife, Eleanor, and I took the train from Paris to Strasbourg, where we were met by our driver and guide, and the minibus which goes along with the boat. We stopped off in Barn for an hour on the way. Then we were taken to Nancy where the boat was kept.

After the other passengers arrived, we had our first dinner on the boat. After dinner we walked into downtown Nancy, a village with a large square and wooden houses.

Monday, October 5

Rained last night, cloudy in the morning, 69°F

We spent about two hours in Nancy, then sailed on the Canal de la Marne au Rhine. Kind of a lazy day. Eating breakfast, lunch, and dinner, after dinner we watched a tape on Baccarat. Where we will visit tomorrow.

It was pleasant to sit out on deck (甲板) and watch the scenery go by at about 3 mph.

Monday, October 7

Light rain, 64°F

This mourning we drove over to Baccarat and toured its museum and the church, which has this unbelievable lamp that is going on a world tour the next day. We did lost of shopping, then walked across the bridge to see a very, very modern Catholic church with special Baccarat windows.

We drove to the top of the Voges Mountains and started down the eastern side Later we drove to Sorrenbourg to see the 13th century church at the Cordeliers. It contains the largest window by Marc Chagall-24 feet wide by 40 feet high.

Wednesday, Ocrober8

Cloudy.65 °F

Today we sailed from Schneckenbush to Saverne. We went though two caves, an extremely unusual part of the journey. This river scenery is very different. We were in a mountain valley with grassland on one side and a forest beginning to show some color on the other.

Thursday, Ocrober9

Cloudy, 66°F

Our dependable minibus was waiting to load the luggage and take us to the hotel where everyone went their separate ways. Our boating days are over until next time.

72. Where did the author get off the train?

A. Paris.            B. Strasbourg.

C. Nancy.          D. Barn.

73. On which days did the tourists spend most of their time on the boat?

A. Monday and Tuesday.

B. Tuesday and Wednesday.

C. Wednesday and Wednesday.

D.Monday and Wednesday.

74. From the text, we learn that Baccarat and Sorrenbourg are the names of ______.

A. towns            B. churches

C. museums      D. mountains

75. What does the author think of the tour?

A. Tiring.           B. Expensive.

C. Enjoyable.     D. Quick.

答案:72—75 BDAC

 

▲2009全国卷2-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

It’s only 4 hours flying time from Sydney, but a world away. What better place to rest than a country where the only place people hurry is on the football field and things are done in “Fiji time”?

Viti Levu—Great Fiji—is the largest island. Here you’ll find the capital Suva and the international airport at Nadi. Vatoa, on the other hand, is a tiny island in the farthest part of Fiji. Then there are 331 other islands, many of them with places to stay.

Whit less than a million people living on islands, you’ll never feel crowded. And with a climate (气候) that changes only for five degrees between seasons, there’s never a bad time to come.

From cities to villages, from mountains to beaches, from water sports to wooden artworks, Fiji can give you more adventures and special experiences than you could find almost anywhere in the world.

Whenever you come, wherever you go, you’re sure to see some unforgettable events. From war dances to religious (宗教的) songs. From market days to religious days. It’s not just staged for tourists; it’s still a part of everyday life in Fiji. And any one of us can enjoy Fiji’s spirit by being part of the traditional (传统的) sharing of yaqona, a drink made from the root of a Fiji plant.

So why not join us for the experience of a lifetime?

57. Where is the international airport of Fiji?

A. In Suva.

B. In Sydney.

C. On the island of Vatoa.

D. On the island of Viti Levu.

58. What does the text tell us about Fijian people?

A. They invented “Fiji time” for visitors.

B. They stick to a traditional way of life.

C. They like to travel from place to place.

D. They love taking adventures abroad.

59. One of the things that make Fiji a tourist attraction is ______.

A. its comfortable hotels

B. its good weather all year round

C. its exciting football matches

D. its religious beliefs

60. Where can we most probably read this text?

A. In a personal diary.

B. In a science report.

C. In a travel magazine.

D. In a geography textbook.

答案:57—60 DBBC

 

▲2008全国卷1-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

Edward Wilson is America’s, if not the world’s, leading naturalist. In The Future of Life, he takes us on a tour of the world’s natural resources (资源). How are they used? What has been lost? What remains and is it able to continue with the present speed of use? Wilson also points out the need to understand fully the biodiversity (生物多样性) of our earth.

Wilson begins with an open letter to the pioneer in environment (环境) protection, Henry David Thoreau. He compares today’s Walden Pond with that of Thoreau’s day. Wilson will use such comparisons for the rest of the book. The problem is clear: man has done great damage to his home over the years. Van the earth, with human help, be made to return to biodiversity levels that will be able to support us in the future?

Biodiversity, Wilson argues, is the key to settling many problems the earth faces today. Even our agricultural crops can gain advantages from it. A mere hundred species (物种) are the basis of our food supply, of which but twenty carry the load. Wilson suggests changing this situation by looking into ten thousand species that could be made use of, which will be a way to reduce the clearing of the natural hoes of, plants and animals to enlarge farming areas.

At the end of the book, Wilson discusses the importance of human values in considering the environment. If you are to continue to live on the earth, you may well read and act on the ideas in this book.

72. We learn form the text that Wilson cares most about ______.

A. the environment for plants

B. the biodiversity of our earth

C. the wastes of natural resources

D. the importance of human values

73. How many species are most important to our present food supply?

A. Twenty.         B. Eighty.

C. One hundred. D. Ten thousand.

74. Wilson suggests that one way to keep biodiversity is to ______.

A. learn how to farm scientifically

B. build homes for some dying species

C. make it clear what to eat

D. use more species for food

75. We can infer that the text is ______.

A. a description of natural resources

B. a research report

C. a book review

D. an introduction to a scientist

答案:72—75 BADC

 

▲2008全国卷2-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

Attractions in Wisconsin

Wisconsin Historical Museum

30 N. Carroll Street on Madison’s Capitol Square

Discover Wisconsin’s history and culture (文化) on four floors of exhibits. Open for public program. Admission is free.

Open Tuesday through Saturday, 9:00am--4:00 pm.

(608) 264-6555 www. wisconsinhistory. org/museum

Swiss historical village

612 Seventh Ave., New Glarus

The Swiss Historical Village offers a delightful look at pioneer life in America’s heartland. 14 buildings in the village give a full picture of every day life in the nineteenth-century Midwest.

Tue. —Fri., May 1st –October 31st , 10:00 am--4:00 pm. Admission is $20.

(608) 527-2317 www. swisshistoricalvillage. com

Artisan Gallery & Creamery Café

6858 Paoli Rd., Paoli, WI

One of the largest collections of fine arts and crafts (手工艺品) in Wisconsin. Over 5000 sp. ft. of exhibition space in a historic creamery. While visiting enjoy a wonderfully prepared lunch at our café overlooking the Sugar River. Just minutes from Madison!

Gallery open Tue. –Sun. , 10:00 am--5:00 pm.

Café open Wed. –Sat. , 11:00 am--3:00 pm.

Sun. brunch with wine, 10:00--3:00 pm.

(608) 845-6600 www. artisangal. com

Christopher Columbus Museum

239 Whitney St., Columbus

World-class exhibit –2000 quality souvenirs (纪念品) marking Chicago’s 1893 World Columbian Exhibition. Tour buses are always welcome.

Open daily, 8:15 am--4:00 pm.

(920) 623-1992 www. columbusantiquemall. com

57. Which of the following is on Capitol Square?

A. Wisconsin Historical Museum.

B. Swiss Historical Village.

C. Artisan Gallery & Creamery Café.

D. Christopher Columbus Museum.

58. Where can you go for a visit on Monday?

A. Wisconsin Historical Museum.

B. Swiss Historical Village.

C. Artisan Gallery & Creamery café.

D. Christopher Columbus Museum.

59. Where can visitors have lunch?

A. At Wisconsin Historical Museum.

B. At Swiss Historical Village.

C. At Artisan Gallery & Creamery Café.

D. At Christopher Columbus Museum.

60. We learn from the text that ______.

A. Swiss Historical Village is open for half a year

B. Christopher Columbus Museum overlooks a river

C. tickets are needed for Wisconsin Historical Museum

D. Artisan Gallery & Creamery Café are open daily for 4 hours

答案:57—60 ADCA

 

▲2007全国卷1-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

Today about 70 countries use Daylight Saving Time (DST). Daylight Saving was first introduced during World War I in Australia. During the world wars, DST was used for the late summers beginning January 1917 and 1942, and the full summers beginning September 1942 and 1943.

In 1967, Tasmania experienced a drought (干旱). The State Government introduced one hour of daylight saving that summer as a way of saving power and water. Tasmanians liked the idea of daylight saving and the Tasmanian Government has declared daylight saving each summer since 1968. Persuaded by the Tasmanian Government, all states except two passed a law in 1971, for a test use of daylight saving. In 1972, New South Wales, South Australia and Victoria joined Tasmania for regular daylight saving, but Queensland did not do so until 1989.

Tasmania, Queensland and South Australia have had irregular plans, often changing their dates due to politics or festivals (节日). For example, in 1992, Tasmania extended (延长) daylight saving by an extra month while South Australia began extending daylight saving by two weeks for the Adelaide Festival. Special daylight saving plans were made during the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games.

The differences in daylight saving in Australia continue to cause serious problems in transport and many other social activities. It also reduces the number of hours in the working day that are common to all centers in the country. In particular, time differences along the east coast cause major differences, especially for the broadcasters of national radio and television.

72. Daylight Saving Time was introduced in Tasmania ______.

A. to stop the drought in 1967

B. to support government officials

C. to pass a special law in the state

D. to save water and electricity

73. According to the text, which state was the last to use DST?

A. Victoria.

B. Queensland.

C. South Australia.

D. New South Wales.

74. What can we learn about DST in some Australian states?

A. It doesn’t have fixed dates.

B. It is not used in festivals.

C. Its plan was changed in 2000.

D. It lasts for two weeks.

75. What do we know about the use of DST from the last paragraph?

A. There exist some undesirable effects.

B. It helps little to save energy.

C. It brings about longer working days.

D. Radio and TV programs become different.

答案:7275 DBAA

 

▲2007全国卷2-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

Most people want to know how things are made. They honestly admit, however, that they hardly know a thing when it comes to understanding how a piece of music is made. Where a composer (作曲家) begins, how he manages to keep going—in fact, how and when he learns his trade—all are covered in complete darkness. The composer, in short, is a man of mystery (神秘).

One of the first things the common man wants to know about is the part inspiration(灵感) plays in a composer’s work. He finds it difficult to believe that composers are not much interested in that question. Writing music is as natural for the composer as eating or sleeping for all. Music is something that the composer happens to have been born for.

The composer, therefore, does not say to himself: “Do I feel inspired?” He says to himself: “Do I feel like working today?” And if he feels like working, he does. It is more or less like saying to himself: “Do I feel sleepy?” if you feel sleepy, you go to sleep. If you don’t feel sleepy, you stay up. If the composer doesn’t feel like working, he doesn’t work. It’s as simple as that.

57. What would be the best title for the text?

A. Composer: a man of mystery

B. Practice makes good music

C. Relation between sleeping and music

D. Music: product of nature

58. The words “covered in complete darkness” underlined in Paragraph 1 most probably mean ______.

A. difficult to be made

B. without any light     

C. black in color

D. not known

59. Most people seem to think that a composer ______.

A. finds it difficult to write music

B. considers it important to have a good rest

C. should like to talk about inspiration

D. never asks himself very simple questions

60. The author will most probably agree that composers ______.

A. are born with a gift for music

B. are people full of mystery

C. work late at night for their music

D. know a lot about eating and sleeping

答案:57—60 ADCA

 

▲2006全国卷1-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

Phillip Island Penguins (企鹅)

The Little Penguin has called Phillip Island home for untold generations. Get to Phillip Island in plenty of time to watch a summer sunset at Summerland Beach-the stage is attractively set to see the Little Penguin leave water and step onto land.

Leave Melbourne at 5:30 pm for a direct journey to Phillip Island

See the Gippsland area—Guinness Book of Records place for the world’s longest earthworm (蚯蚓)

Journey along the coastal highway around the Bay with French Island and Churchill Island in the distance

Cross the bridge at San Remo to enter Phillip Island-natural home for Little Penguins and many animals

Take your place in special viewing stands (看台) to watch the daily evening performance of the wild Little Penguins

Ultimate Penguins (+U)

Join a group of up to 15. This guided tour goes to an attractive, quiet beach to see Little Penguins. You can see penguins at night by wearing a special pair of glasses.

Adult (成人) $60. 00      Child $30. 00

Viewing Platform Penguin Plus (+V)

More personalized wildlife viewing limited to 130 people providing closer viewing of the penguin arrival than the main viewing stands.

Adult $25. 00          Child $12. 50

Penguin Skybox (+S)

Join a group of only 5 in the comfort of a special, higher-up viewing tower. Gain an excellent overview of Summerland Beach.

Adult Isyrs+$50. 00

73. What kind of people is the text mainly written for?

A. Scientists.     B. Students.

C. Tourists.        D. Artists.

74. What can learn from the text that Little Penguins ______.

A. have been on Phillip Island for years

B. keep a Guinness record for their size

C. are trained to practice diving for visitors

D. live in large groups to protect themselves

75. How much would a couple with one child pay for a closer viewing tour?

A. $37. 50.         B. $62. 50.

C. $180. 00.       D. $150. 00.

答案:73—75 CAB

 

▲2006全国卷2-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

“Who made your T-shirt?” A Geowetown University student raised that question. Pietra Rivoli, a professor of business, wanted to fin the answer. A few weeks later, she bought a T-shirt and began to follow its path from Texas cotton form to Chinese factory to charity bin (慈善捐赠箱). The result is an interesting new book, The Travel’s of a T-shirt in the Global Economy(经济).

Following a T-shirt around the world in a way to make her point more interesting, but it also frees Rivoli from the usual arguments over grobal trade. She goes wherever the T-shirt goes, and there are surprises around every corner. In China, Rivoli shows why a clothing factory, even with its poor conditions, means a step toward a better she for the people who work there. In the colorful used-clothing markets of Tanzania, she realizes this, “it is only in this final stage of life that the T-shirt will meet a real market,” where the price of a shirt changes by the hour and is different by its size and even color. Rivoli’s book is full of memerable people and scenes, like the noise, the bad air and the “muddy-sweet smell (泥土香味) of the cotton. ”She says, “Here in the factory, Shanghai smells like Shallowater Texas.”

Rivoli is at her best when making those sorts of unexpected connections. She even finds one between the free traders and those who are against globalization. The chances opened up by trade are vast, she argues, but free markets need the correcting force of politics to keep them in check. True economic progress needs them both.

57. What do we learn about Professor Rivoli?

A. She used to work on a cotton farm.

B. She wrote a book about world trade.

C. She wants to give up her teaching job.

D. She wears a T-shirt wherever she goes.

58. By saying T-shirt “meet a real market”, Rivoli means in Tanzania ______.

A. cheaper T-shirts are needed.

B. used T-shirts are hard to sell

C. prices of T-shirt rise and fall frequently

D. prices of T-shirt are usually reasonable

59. What does the word “them” underlined in the last paragraph refer to?

A. Free-markets.

B. Price changes.

C. Unexpected connection.

D. chances opened up by trade.

60. What would be the best title for the text?

A. What T-shirt Can Do to Help Cotton Farms

B. How T-shirt Are Made in Shanghai

C. How T-shirt Are Sold in Tanzania

D What T-shirt Can Teach Us

答案:57—60 BCAD

 

▲2005全国卷1-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

“Soon, you’re going to have to move out!” cried my neighbor upon seeing the largest tomato plant known to mankind, or at least known in my neighborhood.

One tiny 9-inch plant, bought for $1.25 in the spring, has already taken over much of my rose bed, covering much of other plants, and is well on its way to the front door.

Roses require a good deal of care, and if it weren’t for the pleasure they give, it wouldn’t be worth the work. As it is, I have a garden full of sweet-smelling roses for most of the year. bushes must be pruned (剪枝) in early spring, leaving ugly woody branches until the new growth appears a few weeks later. It was the space available (可用的) in the garden that led me into planting just one little tomato plant. A big mistake.

Soil conditions made just perfect for roses turn out to be even more perfect for tomatoes. The daily watering coupled with full sun and regular fertilizing (施肥) have turned the little plant into a tall bush. The cage I placed around it as the plant grew has long since disappeared under the thick leaves.

Now the task I face in harvesting the fruit is twofold; First, I have to find the red ones among the leaves, which means I almost have to stand on my head, and once found I have to reach down and under, pick the tomatoes and withdraw (缩回) my full fist without dropping the prize so dearly won. I found two full-blown white roses completely hidden as I picked tomatoes in June, but they were weak and the leaves already yellow for lack of light.

Here I am faced with a painful small decision: To tear up a wonderful and productive tomato plant that offers up between ten and twenty ripe sweet tomatoes each day or say goodbye to several expensive and treasured roses. Like Scarlett in Gone With the Wind, I’ll think about that tomorrow.

71. What ate the requirements for the healthy growth of roses?

A. A lot of care and the right soil.

B. Frequent pruning and fertilizing.

C. Tomato plants grown alongside.

D. Cages placed around the roots.

72. The writer planted the tomato because ______.

A. it cost only $1.25

B. the soil was just right for it

C. there was room for it in the garden

D. the roses’ branches needed to be covered

73. This year the writer’s roses were ______.

A. removed from the rose bed

B. picked along with the tomatoes

C. mostly damaged by too much sunlight

D. largely hidden under the tomato plant

74. By saying “the prize so dearly won” in paragraph 5, the writer wants to ______.

A. show the difficulty in picking the tomatoes

B. show the hardship of growing the roses

C. express her liking for the roses

D. express her care for the tomatoes

75. In the situation described in the text, one good thing is that ______.

A. the roses cost the writer little money

B. the writer has a daily harvest of tomatoes

C. someone will help the writer make the decision

D. the writer can now enjoy both the roses and tomatoes

答案:71—75 ACDAB

 

▲2005全国卷2-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

Last year my sixth-grader daughter, Elizabeth, was forced to put up with science. Her education week after week, contained mindless memorization of big words like “batholith” and “saprophyte” She learned by heart the achievements of famous scientists who did things like “improved nuclear fusion (核聚变) “—never mind that she hasn’t the least idea of what nuclear fusion means. Elizabeth did very well (she’s good at memorizing things). And now she hates science. My eighth-grader son, Ben, also suffered from science education. Week after week he had to perform lab experiments with answers already known. Ben figured out how to guess the right answers, so he got good grades. Now he hates science, too.

Science can provide an exciting way to develop children’s curiosity. Science education should teach ways to ask questions and week answers. But my children got the mistaken idea in school than science is difficult dull and has no relation to their everyday interests.

As a physicist, I am saddened and angered to see “the great science turnoff” I know that science is important in our lives. Yet studies prove that our schools are turning out millions of graduates who know almost nothing about and have almost no interest in science. What’s gone wrong? Who is to blame?

58. We learn from paragraph 1 that ______.

A. the writer was proud of Elizabeth and Ben

B. both Elizabeth and Ben could become scientists

C. Elizabeth had to learn much about great scientists

D. Ben was good at trying new ideas in lab experiments

59. The writer thinks that in science education we should first ______.

A. get students interested in the subject

B. answer students’ questions in delightful ways.

C. smooth out difficulties in lab experiments

D. explain the special terms clearly

60. By writing the text, the author questions ______.

A. the difficulty level of the science texts

B. the way science is taught in school

C. the achievements of famous scientists

D. students’ poor records in science classes

答案:56—60 ACCAB

 

▲2004全国卷1-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

If you are a recent social science graduate who has had to listen to jokes about unemployment from your computer major classmates, you may have had the last laugh. There are many advantages for the social science major because this high-tech “Information Age” demands people who are flexi­ble (灵活的) and who have good communication skills.

There are many social science majors in large companies who fill important positions. For exam­ple, a number of research studies found that social science majors had achieved greater managerial success than those who had technical training or pre-professional courses. Studies show that social science majors are most suited for change, which is the leading feature (特点) of the kind of high­ speed, high-pressure, high-tech world we now live in.

Social science majors are not only experiencing success in their long-term company jobs, but they are also finding jobs more easily. A study showed that many companies had filled a large per­centage of their entry-level positions with social science graduates. The study also showed that the most sought-after quality in a person who was looking for a job was communication skills, noted as “very important” by 92 percent of the companies. Social science majors have these skills, often without knowing how important they are. It is probably due to these skills that they have been offered a wide variety of positions.

Finally, although some social science majors may still find it more difficult than their technical­ly trained classmates to land the first job, recent graduates report that they don’t regret their choice of study.

72. By saying that “you may have had the last laugh” in the first paragraph, the author means that you may have ______.

A. shared the jokes with computer majors

B. earned as much as computer majors

C. found jobs more easily than computer majors

D. stopped joking about computer majors

73. Compared with graduates of other subjects, social science graduates ______.

A. are ready to change when situations change

B. are better able to deal with difficulties

C. are equally good at computer skills

D. are likely to give others pressure

74. The underlined word “land” in the last paragraph probably means ______.

A. keep for some time

B. successfully get

C. immediately start

D. lose regretfully

75. According to the text, what has made it easy for social science graduates to find jobs? 

A. Willingness to take low-paid jobs.

B. Readiness to gain high-tech knowledge.

C. Skills in expressing themselves.

D. Part-time work experience.

答案75—75 CABC

 

▲2004全国卷2-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

Cannes will rock to the sound of a cancan dance this year when Moulin Rouge by the Australian director Baz Luhrmann opens the French film festival (电影节) in May. The musical star Nicole Kidman as a singer, and John Leguizamo as the artist Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. It will be competing for the Palme d’Or, the festival’s top prize. The festival runs to May 21.

The American actor Tommy Lee Jones, 54, has married his longtime girlfriend, Dawn Maria Laurel, 36, in a private wedding in San Antonio. “It wasn’t a big to-do,” said Fred Biery, a U.S. District Judge who performed the service. He refused to discuss things further. “These are very private people,” he said.

Loretta Lynn is being treated for a very bad cold in Tennessee and will miss several appearances. The country singer, 65, was admitted to a hospital near her home in Hurricane Mills. “She is in good condition, but the doctors are watching her closely,” a spokeswoman said.

The French-Algerian singer Enrico Macias was named a United Nations peace messenger. Enrico joins eight other people who act as goodwill envoys (使者) for the United Nations, among them are the writer Elie Wiesel and the basketball player Magic Johnson.

73. We can learn from the text that Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec is ______.

A. a figure in a film

B. a dancer in a show

C. a country singer

D. a prize winner

74. We know from the text that ______.

A. Moulin Rouge won the top prize in a film festival

B. Loretta Lynn is under the doctors’ care

C. eight people serve as the UN goodwill envoys

D. Fred Biery was Tommy Lee Jones’ assistant

75. This text most probably appears in ______.

A. a book on film stars

B. a film review in a magazine

C. a newspaper

D. a notice

答案:73—75 ABC

 

▲2004全国卷3-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

Like many lovers of books, Mary and her husband, Richard Goldman, seldom walked past a bookstore without stopping to look inside. They often talked of opening their own store one day.

When Mary was hospitalized with heart trouble in 1989, they decided it was time to get serious. Richard, who worked for a business company, was eager to work for himself, and Mary needed to slow down from her demanding job.

They started by talking to bookstore owners and researching the industry. “We knew it had to be a specialty store because we couldn’t match the big chains dollar for dollar,” says Mary. One figure caught her attention: She’d read somewhere that roughly 20 percent of books sold were mysteries (推理小说), and many buyers spent more $300 a year on books. She and Richard were themselves mystery readers.

On Halloween 1992, they opened the Mystery Lovers Bookshop and Cafe near their home. With three children in college, the couple could not spend all the family’s money to start a shop. To cover the $100,000 cost, they drew some of their savings, borrowed from relatives and from an bank.

The store merely broke even in its first year, with only $120,000 in sales. But Mary was always coming up with new ways to attract customers. The shop had a coffee bar and it offered gifts to mystery lovers and served dinners for book clubs that met in the store. She also invited dozens of writers to discuss their stories.

Today Mystery Lovers makes sales of about $420,000 a year. After paying taxes, business costs and the six part-time sales clerks, Richard and Mary together earn about $34,000.

“The job you love may not go hand in hand with a million-dollar income,” says Richard. “This has always been about an enjoyable life for ourselves, not about making a lot of money.”

72. When Mary was in hospital, the couple realized that ______.

A. they had to put their plan into practice

B. health was more important than wealth

C. heart trouble was a serious illness

D. they both needed to stop working

73. After Mary got well from her illness they began ______.

A. to study industrial management

B. to buy and read more mystery books

C. to do market research on book business

D. to work harder to save money for the bookstore

74. How did their bookstore do in the first year?

A. They had to borrow money to keep it going.

B. They made just enough to cover all the costs.

C. They succeeded in earning a lot of money.

D. They failed though they worked hard.

75. According to Richard, the main purpose of running the bookstore is ______.

A. to pay for their children’s education

B. to get to know more writers

C. to set up more bookstores

D. to do what they like to do

答案:72—74 ACBD

 

▲2004全国卷4-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

THE BRONTE FAMILY

Yorkshire, England was the setting for two great novels (小说) of the 19th century. These were Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre and Emily Bronte’s Wuthering Heights. The youngest sister, Anne, was also a gifted novelist, and her books have the same extraordinary quality as her sisters’.

Their father was Patrick Bronte, born in Ireland. He moved with his wife, Maria Bronte, and their six small children to Haworth in Yorkshire in 1820. Soon after, Mrs. Bronte and the two eldest children died, leaving the father to care for the remaining three girls and a boy.

Charlotte was born in 1816, Emily was born in 1818 and Anne in 1820. Their brother Branwell was born in 1817. Left to themselves, the children wrote and told stories and walked over the hills. They grew up largely self-educated. Branwell showed a great interest in drawing. The girls were determined to earn money for his art education. They took positions as teachers or taught children in their homes.

As children they had all written many stories. Charlotte, as a young girl, alone wrote 22 books, each with 60 to 100 pages of small handwriting. Therefore, they turned to writing for income. By 1847, Charlotte had written The Professor; Emily, Wuthering Heights; and Anne, Agnes Grey. After much difficulty Anne and Emily found a publisher (出版商), but there was no interest shown in Charlotte’s book.(It was not published until 1859.) However, one publisher expressed an interest in seeing more of her work. Jane Eyre was already started, and she hurriedly finished it. It was accepted at once; thus each of the sister had a book published in 1847.

Jane Eyre was immediately successful; the other two, however, did not do so well. People did not like Wuthering Heights. They said it was too wild, too animal-like. But gradually it came to be considered one of the finest novels in the English language. Emily lived only a short while after the publication of her book, and Anne died in 1849.

Charlotte published Shirley in 1849, and Villette in 1853. In 1854 she married Arthur Bell Nicholls. But only a year later, she died of tuberculosis (肺结核) as her sisters had.

71. What did the Bronte sisters want to do for Branwell Bronte?

A. Help him write stories.

B. Help him get trained in art.

C. Teach him how to draw well.

D. Teach him how to educate himself.

72. We know from the text that ______.

A. Jane Eyre was published in 1847

B. Charlotte Bronte wrote 22 books in all

C. the Bronte sisters received good education

D. Patrick Bronte helped his daughters with their wiring

73. Which of the following was published after the death of its writer?

A. Shirley           B. Villette

C. Agnes Grey   D. The Professor

74. The underlined words “the other two in the 5th paragraph refers to_______.

A. Shirley and Villette

B. The Professor and Agnes Grey

C. Agnes Grey and Wuthering Heights

D. The Professor and Wuthering Heights

75. What do we know about the Bronte sisters from the text?

A. Their novels interested few publishers.

B. None of them had more than two books published.

C. None of them lived longer than 40 year old.

D. Emily was the least successful of the three.

答案:71—75 BADCC

 

▲2003全国卷-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

At one time, computers were expected largely to remove the need for paper copies of documents(文件) because they could be stored electronically. But for all the texts that are written, stored and sent electronically, a lot of them are still ending up on paper.

It is difficult to measure the quantity of paper used as a result of use of Internet-connected computers, although just about anyone who works in an office can tell you that when e-mail is introduced, the printers start working overtime. “I feel in my bones this revolution is causing more trees to be cut down,” says Ted Smith of the Earth Village Organisation.

Perhaps best sign of how computer and Internet use pushes up demand for paper comes from the high-tech industry itself, which sees printing as one of its most promising new markets. Several Internet companies have been set up to help small businesses print quality documents from a computer. Earlier this week. Hewlett-Packard Co. announced a plan to develop new technologies that will enable people to print even more so they can get a hard copy of a business document, a medical record or just a one-line e-mail, even if they are nowhere near a computer. As the company sees it, the more use of the Internet the greater demand for printers.

Does all this mean environmental concerns(环境问题) have been forgotten? Some activists suggest people have been led to believe that a lot of dangers to the environment have gone away. “I guess people believe that the problem is taken care of, because of recycling(回收利用),” said Kelly Quirke, director of the Rainforest Action Network in San Francisco. Yet Quirke is hopeful that high-tech may also prove helpful. He says printers that print on both sides are growing in popularity. The action group has also found acceptable paper made from materials other than wood, such as agricultural waste.

72. The growing demand for paper in recent years is largely due to _______.

A. the rapid development of small businesses

B. the opening up of new markets

C. the printing of high quality copies

D. the increased use of the Internet

73. Environmentalists believe one possible way of dealing with the paper situation is _______.

A. to encourage printing more quality documents

B. to develop new printers using recycled paper

C. to find new materials for making paper

D. to plant more fast growing trees

74. Hewlett-Packard Co. has decided to develop new technologies because _______.

A. people are concerned about the environment

B. printers in many offices are working overtime

C. small companies need more hard copies

D. they see a growing market for printers

75.What would be the best title for the text?

A. Computers and Printers          

B. E-mail and the Business World

C. Internet Revolution and Environment

D. Modern Technology and New Markets

答案72—75 DCDC

 

▲2002全国卷-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

A child’s birthday party doesn’t have to be a hassle; it can be a basket of fun, according to Beth Anaclerio, an Evaston mother of two, ages 4 and 18 months.

“Having a party at home usually requires a lot of running around on the part of the parents, and often the birthday boy or girl gets lost in wild excitement. But it really doesn’t have to be that way, said Anaclerio. Last summer, Anaclerio and her friend Jill Carlisle, a Northbrook mother of a 2-year-old, founded a home party-planning business called “A Party in a Basket. Their goal is to help parents and children share in the fun part of party planning, like choosing the subject or making a cake, while they take care of everything.

Drawing on their experiences as mothers, they have created(制作) 10 ready-to-use home party packages. Everything a family needs to plan a party, except the cake and ice cream, is delivered to the home in a large basket.

“Our parties are aimed for children 2 to 10,” Anaclerio said, “and they’re very interactive(互动) and creative in that they build a sense of drama based on a subject. For example, at the Soda Shoppe party the guests become waiters and waitresses and build wonderful ice cream creations.

The standard $200 package for eight children includes a basket filled with invitations, gifts, games and prizes, paper goods, a party planner and the like. For more information, call Anaclerio at 708-864-6584 or Carlisle at 708-205-9141.

72. The main purpose of writing this text is ______.

A. to share information about party planning

B. to introduce the joys of a birthday party

C. to announce a business plan  

D. to sell a service

73. The most important idea behind the kind of party planning described here is that ______.

A. it brings parents and children closer together

B. guests play a part in the preparation of a party

C. parents are spared the trouble of sending invitations

D. it provides a subject of conversation

74. What does the underlined word “hassle” (paragraph 1) probably mean?

A. a party designed by specialists

B. a plan requiring careful thought

C. a situation causing difficulty or trouble

D. a demand made by guests

75. Which of the following is most likely to be a party planner?

72—75 DACA

 

▲2001全国卷-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

Betty and Harold have been married for years. But one thing still puzzles old Harold. How is it that he can leave Betty and her friend Joan sitting on the sofa, talking, go out to a ballgame, come back three and half a hours later, and they’re still sitting on the sofa? Talking?

What in the world, Harold wonders, do they have to talk about?

Betty shrugs. Talk? We’re friends.

Researching this matter called friendship, psychologist Lillian Rubin spent two years interviewing more than two hundred women and men. No matter what their age, their job, their sex, the results were completely clear: women have more friendships than men, and the difference in the content and the quality of those friendships is “marked and unmistakable.”

More than two-thirds of the single men Rubin interviewed could not name a best friend. Those who could were likely to name a woman. Yet three-quarters of the single women had no problem naming a best friend, and almost always it was a woman. More married men than women named their wife / husband as a best friend, most trusted person, or the one they would turn to in time of emotional distress(感情危机). “Most women, says Rubin, “identified(认定) at least one, usually more, trusted friends to whom they could turn to in a troubled moment, and they spoke openly about the importance of these relationships in their lives.”

“In general, writes Rubin in her new book, “women’s friendships with each other rest on shared emotions and support, but men’s relationships are marked by shared activities.

 For the most part, Rubin says, interactions (交往) between men are emotionally controlled—a good fit with the social requirements of “manly behavior.

“Even when a man is said to be a best friend,” Rubin writes, “the two share little about their innermost feelings. Whereas a woman’s closest female friend might be the first to tell her to leave a failing marriage, it wasn’t unusual to hear a man say he didn’t know his friend’s marriage was in serious trouble until he appeared one night asking if he could sleep on the sofa.”

71. What old Harold cannot understand or explain is the fact that _______.

A. he is treated as an outsider rather than a husband

B. women have so much to share

C. women show little interest in ballgames

D. he finds his wife difficult to talk to

72. Rubin’s study shows that for emotional support a married woman is more likely to turn to ________.

A. a male friend  B. a female friend

C. her parents    D. her husband

73. According to the text, which type of behavior is NOT expected of a man by society?

A. Ending his marriage without good reason.

B. Spending too much time with his friends.

C. Complaining about his marriage trouble.

D. Going out to ballgames too often.

74. Which of the following statements is best supported by the last paragraph?

A. Men keep their innermost feelings to themselves.

B. Women are more serious than men about marriage.

C. Men often take sudden action to end their marriage.

D. Women depend on others in making decisions.

75. The research done by psychologist Rubin centers around _________.

A. happy and successful marriages

B. friendships of men and women

C. emotional problems in marriage

D. interactions between men and women

答案:61—75 BBCAB

 

▲2000全国卷-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

Excused from recycling (回收利用) because you live in a high rise with a rubbish chute(垃圾道)? You won’t be for long. Miami’s Mark Shantzis has made it simple for those living in tall buildings! To use the chute and recycle too.

In Shantzis, Hi-Rise Recycling System, a chute leads to a pie-shaped container with six boxes that can turn around when operated. The system, which fits in the same space as the chute and container now in use, enables glass, plastic, paper, metal, and other rubbish to go into separate boxes.

The system is controlled from a board next to the chute door. The board has a button for each class of recycling materials (as well as for unrecyclables). At the press of a button, a microcomputer locks all other floors chute doors and sets the recycling container turning until the right box comes under the chute. The computer also counts the loads and gives a signal by phone when the box is full. And a particular piece of equipment breaks up the nonrecyclables.

Sorting (分类) recyclables before they are collected saves the use of expensive materials recovery equipment which otherwise has to do the sorting. Such equipment often makes recycled materials very expensive, so expensive that tons of recyclables remain wasted. Shantzis believes his system could help recycled materials become more cost-effective.

67. The purpose in writing this text is ______.

A. to encourage people to recycle their rubbish

B. to introduce a recycling system for high rises

C. to describe the use of computer technology in recycling

D. to explain the need for rubbish collection in high rises

68. When he says “You won’t be for long the writer means that ______.

A. you’ll soon be living in a cleaner building

B. rubbish chutes will become out of date before long

C. you won’t wait long for your turn to recycle rubbish

D. it won’t be long before you’ll have to recycle your rubbish

69. Before dropping rubbish into the chute you have to ______.

A. lock the other floors’ chute doors

B. check if the container is full

C. press the correct button

D. break up the rubbish

70. The biggest advantage of this new system is that ______.

A. it reduces the cost of recycling

B. it saves time and space

C. it saves money for people living in high rises

D. it makes better use of the existing recovery equipment

答案67—70 BDCA

 

▲1999全国卷-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

When a group of children politely stop a conversation with you, saying, “We have to go to work now,

 you’re left feeling surprised and certainly uneasy. After all, this is the 1990s and the idea of children working is just unthinkable. That is, until you are told that they are all pupils of stage schools, and that the “work

 they go off to is to go on the stage in a theatre.

 Stage schools often act as agencies(代理机构) to supply children for stage and television work. More worthy of the name “stage school

 are those few places where children attend fulltime, with a training for the theatre and a general education.

A visit to such schools will leave you in no doubt that the children enjoy themselves. After all, what lively children wouldn’t settle for spending only half the day doing ordinary schoolwork, and acting, singing or dancing their way through the other half of the day?

 Then of course there are times for the children to make a name and make a little money in some big shows. Some stage schools give their children too much professional work at such a young age. But the law is very tight on the amount they can do.

Those under 13 are limited to 40 days in the year; those over l3 do 80 days. The schools themselves admit that not all children will be successful in the profession for which they are being trained, So what happens to those who don’t make it? While all the leading schools say they place great importance on children getting good study results, the facts seem to suggest this is not always the case.

67. People would stop feeling uneasy when realizing that the children they’re talking to ______.

A. attend a stage school

B. are going to the theatre

C. have got some work to do

D. love singing and dancing

68. In the writer’s opinion, a good stage school should ______.

A. produce star performers

B. help pupils improve their study skills

C. train pupils in language and performing arts

D. provide a general education and stage training

69. “Professional work as used in the text means ______.

A. ordinary school work

B. money-making performances

C. stage training at school

D. acting, singing or dancing after class

70. Which of the following best describes how the writer feels about stage schools?

A. He thinks highly of what they have to offer.

B. He favours an early start in the training of performing arts.

C. He feels uncomfortable about children putting on night shows.

D. He doubts the standard of ordinary education they have reached.

答案:67—70 ADCD

 

▲1998全国卷-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

As prices and building costs keep rising, the “do-it-yourself (DIY) trend(趋势) in the U.S. continues to grow.

“We needed furniture(家具) for our living room,” says John Ross, “and we just didn’t have enough money to buy it. So we decided to try making a few tables and chairs. John got married six months ago, and like many young people these days, they are struggling to make a home at a time when the cost of living is very high. The Rosses took a 2-week course for $ 280 at a night school. Now they build all their furniture and make repairs around the house. Jim Hatfield has three boys and his wife died. He has a full-time job at home as well as in a shoe making factory. Last month, he received a car repair bill for $ 420.”I was deeply upset about it. Now I’ve finished a car repair course, I should be able to fix the car by myself. John and Jim are not unusual people. Most families in the country are doing everything they can to save money so they can fight the high cost of living. If you want to become a “do-it-yourselfer”, you can go to DIY classes. And for those who don’t have time to take a course, there are books that tell you how you can do things yourself.

66. We can learn from the text that many newly married people _____.

A. find it hard to pay for what they need

B. have to learn to make their own furniture

C. take DIY courses run by the government

D. seldom go to a department store to buy things

67. John and his wife went to evening classes to learn how to _____.

A. run a DIY shop

B. make or repair things

C. save time and money

D. improve the quality of life

68. When the writer says that Jim has a full-time job at home, he means Jim _____.

A. makes shoes in his home

B. does extra work at night

C. does his own car and home repairs

D. keeps house and looks after his children

69. Jim Hatfield decided to become a do-it-yourselfer when _____.

A. his car repairs cost too much

B. the car repair class was not helpful

C. he could no possible do two jobs

D. he had to raise the children all by himself

70. What would be the best title for the text?

A. the Joy of DIY

B. You Can Do It Too!

C. Welcome to Our DIY Course!

D. Ross and Hatfield: Believers in DIY

答案:66—70 ABDAB

 

▲1997全国卷-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

America is growing older. Fifty years ago, only 4 out of every 100 people in the United States were 65 or older. Today, 10 out of every 100 Americans are over 65. The aging of the population will affect(影响) American society in many ways—education, medicine, and business. Quietly, the graying of America has made us a very different society—one in which people have a quite different idea of what kind of behavior(行为) is suitable(合适) at various ages.

A person’s age no longer tells you anything about his / her social position, marriage or health. There’s no longer a particular year in which one goes to school or goes to work or gets married or starts a family. The social clock that kept us on time and told us when to go to school, get a job, or stop working isn’t as strong as it used to be. It doesn’t surprise us to hear of a 29-year-old university president or a 35—year—old grandmother, or a 70-year-old man who has become a father for the first time. Public ideas are changing.

Many people say, I am much younger than my mother—or my father—was at my age. No one says “Act your age” anymore. We’ve stopped looking with surprise at older people who act in youthful ways.

67. It can be learnt from the text that the aging of the population in America ______.

A. has made people feel younger

B. has changed people’s social position

C. has changed people’s understanding of age

D. has slowed down the country’s social development

68. The underlined word “one” refers to ______.

A. a society       B. America

C. a place          D. population

69. “Act your age” means people should ______.

A. be active when they are old

B. do the right thing at the right age

C. show respect for their parents young or old

D. take more physical exercise suitable to their age

70. If a 25-year-old man becomes general manager of a big firm, the writer of the text would most probably consider it ______.

A. normal           B. wonderful

C. unbelievable  D. unreasonable

答案:67—70 CABA

 

▲1995全国卷-阅读理解E

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

E

During the summer holidays there will be a revised(修改过的) schedule(时刻表) of services for the students. Changes for dining-room and library service hours and for bus schedules will be posted on the wall outside of the dining-hall. Weekly film and concert schedules, which are being arranged(安排), will be posted each Wednesday outside of the student club.

In the summer holidays, buses going to the town center will leave the main hall every hour on the half hour during the day. The dining-room will serve three meals a day from 7: 00 am to 7: 00 pm during the week and two meals from noon to 7: 00 pm on weekends. The library will continue its usual hours during the week, but have shorter hours on Saturdays and Sundays. The weekend hours are from noon to 5: 00 pm.

All students who want to use the library borrowing services must have a new summer card. This announcement will also appear in the next week’s student newspaper.

76. The main purpose of this announcement is to _________.

A. tell students of important schedule changes

B. tell students of new bus and library services

C. show the excellent services for students

D. ask students to renew their library cards

77. At which of the following times will the bus leave the main hall?

A. 8: 00, 9: 00, 10: 00, 11: 00

B. 8: 00, 9: 30, 10: 30, 11: 30

C. 8: 30, 9: 00, 9: 30, 10: 00

D. 8: 00, 9: 30, 11: 00, 12: 30

78. Times for films and concerts are not listed in this announcement because _________.

A. they are not to be announced

B. they are hard to arrange

C. the full list is not ready

D. the full list is too long

79. In the summer holidays, the library will have _________.

A. no special hours

B. special hours on weekdays

C. special hours on weekends

D. special hours both on weekdays and weekends.

80.We may infer that during the summer holidays _________.

A. the student newspaper will sell more copies

B. there will be a concert or a film once a week

C. many students will stay in the university

D. no breakfast will be served on weekends

答案:76—80 ABCCD


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  • 发表于 2021-11-16 00:00
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