2021-1977高考英语真题分类—完形填空(总汇)

2021-1977高考英语真题分类—完形填空(总汇)

2021-1977高考英语全国卷真题完形填空(总汇)

 

史上最强高考英语真题分类汇编电子档!

您想知道自1977年恢复高考制度以来,高考英语全国卷的完形填空命题是如何变迁的吗?

您想通过真题大数据来研究高考英语完形填空的各种规律吗?比如选择材料的规律(题材、体裁、长度、难度等),设置考点的规律(语境理解题、推理判断题、词义辨析题、常识理解题等)……

如果您是学生,您想系统地练习高考英语完形填空真题吗?如果您是老师,您想给您的学生系统地练习高考英语完形填空真题吗?

……

——本文件整理汇编了自1977年恢复高考制度以来高考英语全国卷真题的完形填空的所有材料,应该对您有所帮助!

有关试题编序的说明:

2004年开始,部分省市实行自主命题,同时也开始出现多套全国卷,为便于区分,本文件将多套全国卷分别取名为全国卷1”“全国卷2”“全国卷3”等(有些资料以全国甲卷、全国乙卷、全国丙卷等进行区分,其中的全国乙卷对应本资料的全国卷1”,因为“1”同音,全国甲卷对应本资料的全国卷3”全国丙卷对应本资料的全国卷3”)。另外,

2007年教育部开始在宁夏和海南两省启用课标卷,而未使用课标卷的俗称大纲卷。为统一名称,在本文件中,所有的全国卷仍以全国卷1”“全国卷2”“全国卷3”等相称,并将课标卷排在前面(如全国卷1、全国卷2),大纲卷排在后面(如全国卷3)。

2020年开始教育部在山东和海南实施真正意义的新课标(2017版课标)高考英语,本文件称之为新全国卷,而其他非新高考卷则称全国卷

 

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▲2021新全国卷1-完形填空

阅读下面短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳答案。

My life as a tax-paying employed person began in middle school, when, for three whole days, I worked in a baking factory.

My best friend Betsy’s father was a manager at Hough Bakeries, which, at Easter time, ___41___ little bunny (兔子) cakes for all its ___42___ throughout Cleveland. It happened that the plant downtown needed eight kids for ___43___ help during our spring break, for which I had no ___44___ beyond listening to my favorite records. I’d ___45___ minimum wage. I’d see how a factory ___46___. My parents thought all of this was a grand idea and called Betsy’s dad with their ___47___.

Our ___48___ in the factory were simple: Place cakes on a moving belt. Attach icing (糖霜) ears. Apply icing eyes and nose. ___49___ bunny from the belt. This was ___50___ than it sounds. ___51___ a bit and the cakes pile up. As I told my parents at dinner that first night, it was all a little more high-pressure than I’d ___52___.

Dad ___53___. The son of a grocer, he’d spent the summers of his childhood ___54___ food in Benardsville, New Jersey. This was the sort of work that made you ___55___ the dollars you earned and respect those who did the work, he told me.

41. A. sold             B. ordered          C. made                D. reserved

42. A. stores          B. families          C. schools             D. citizens

43. A. generous     B. financial         C. technical           D. temporary

44. A. plans           B. problems        C. excuses            D. hobbies

45. A. offer             B. earn               C. set                    D. suggest

46. A. worked        B. closed            C. developed         D. survived

47. A. ambition      B. permission     C. experience        D. invitation

48. A. joys             B. ideas              C. roles                  D. choices

49. A. Save           B. Keep               C. Stop                  D. Remove

50. A. harder         B. better              C. longer               D. cheaper

51. A. Calm down  B. Slow down     C. Stay on             D. Move on

52. A. indicated     B. witnessed       C. expected           D. remembered

53. A. cried            B. smiled            C. hesitated           D. refused

54. A. tasting         B. finding            C. sharing              D. delivering

55. A. withdraw      B. donate           C. receive              D. appreciate

答案:41—45 CADAB  46—50 ABCDA  51—55 BCBDD

 

▲2021新全国卷2-完形填空

阅读下面短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳答案。

Over the past 38 years, Mr. Wang has pretended to be someone else many times, and has even learned to___41___different dialects (方言), leading to him being described as an “Oscar-winning actor”.

The 60-year-old is not an actor, but a ___42___However, he is more devoted to his “___43___” than any real actor.

In the 1990s, a group of thieves often sold stolen goods with the help of some beggars. To look into the ___44___, Wang disguised (伪装) himself and ___45___ the beggars. Dirty shorts and old shoes gave him the ___46___ of a real beggar and his convincing dialect soon won him the ___47___ of the beggars.

“I often ___48___ them to drink alcohol. Once they were ___49___, they began to talk a lot,” Wang said. “I’d then ___50___myself to use the toilet, ___51___ what the beggars said, and send the ___52___ to my teammates.”

Wang, who is often in ___53___ situations, is also a judo (柔道) master. “As long as I get close enough, no criminal can ___54___ from me,” he said.

Wang’s ___55___ won him several honors, including a National May Day Labor Medal and 11 Citations of Merit.

41. A. teach               B. compare           C. assess                 D. speak

42. A. lawyer             B. doctor               C. policeman            D. businessman

43. A. role                 B. study                 C. family                   D. audience

44. A. minor              B. case                  C. future                   D. question

45. A. interviewed     B. joined                C. arrested               D. assisted

46. A. challenge        B. experience        C. appearance         D. freedom

47. A. vote                B. sympathy           C. permission           D. trust

48. A. invited             B. forced                C. helped                 D. expected

49. A. drunk              B. deserted            C. bored                   D. lost

50. A. guide              B. persuade           C. excuse                 D. allow

51. A. refer to           B. note down          C. ask about             D. miss out

52. A. plan                B. agreement         C. direction               D. information

53. A. awkward        B. dangerous          C. unfortunate          D. strange

54. A. separate        B. recover               C. escape                 D. hear

55. A. courage         B. honesty              C. kindness               D. optimism

答案:41—45 DCABB  46—50 CDAAC  51—55 BDBCA

 

▲2021全国卷1-完形填空

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Simply saying thank you doesn’t seem enough in certain situations. I was considering this while working as a ___41___ just a few weeks ago. And it came to me then how much easier it would be if we had a range of words that express different ___42___ of gratitude (感谢).

My thoughts were soon ___43___. We had a woman patient who was ___44___ from a knee replacement operation. One afternoon, while ___45___to get into bed she collapsed (倒下) from what was ___46___ discovered to be a heart attack. The collapse was disastrous, ___47___ the emergency medical team and good teamwork. But she recovered, though ___48___, and was ready for discharge (出院) after four weeks.

She was ___49___ for everything that the medical and nursing team had done for her. On her day of discharge, we shared in her ___50___ at her recovery. As she was ___51___ she was eager to say___52___ to each of us in the nursing team. When she ___53___ one nurse, she tried to press a five-pound note into her hand. My colleague ___54___ to accept it, saying that we were all just ___55___ our job. The patient looked puzzled, and then ___56___: “Oh this isn’t for the ___57___ I had. I take that as a ___58___. No, this is for setting my hair yesterday.

And there you have it. To many people, ___59___ lives is part of the job but styling hair is an ___60___ and should be rewarded.

41. A. cleaner             B. chemist               C. nurse                  D. doctor

42. A. grades              B. meanings           C. needs                 D. expectations

43. A. brushed aside                                 B. put to the test

C. brought under discussion                     D. taken into account

44. A. departing          B. escaping           C. retiring                 D. recovering

45. A. attempting        B. choosing           C. pausing                D. promising

46. A. eventually         B. fortunately        C. casually                D. secretly

47. A. assessing         B. requiring           C. forming                 D. proving

48. A. slightly              B. accidentally      C. slowly                   D. happily

49. A. grateful             B. thoughtful         C. sorrowful              D. fearful

50. A. surprise            B. delight              C. curiosity                D. disappointment

51. A. operating          B. thinking            C. hesitating              D. leaving

52. A. sorry                 B. hello                 C. goodbye               D. yes

53. A. reached            B. consulted         C. introduced            D. persuaded

54. A. wished              B. pretended        C. failed                    D. refused

55. A. enjoying           B. doing                C. securing               D. starting

56. A. repeated          B. recited              C. replied                 D. reported

57. A. courage           B. patience           C. duty                      D. care

58. A. goal                 B. given                C. push                     D. greeting

59. A. risking              B. changing         C. saving                   D. building

60. A. honour             B. ability               C. opening                D. extra

答案:41—45 CABDA  46—50 ABCAB  51—55 DCADB  56—60 CDBCD

 

▲2021全国卷2-完形填空

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

It’s the seaside birds that deserve at least part of the blame for getting Nick Burchill blacklisted at the Fairmont Empress Hotel in Victoria, Canada.

Burchill was ___21___ at the hotel on business and planning to ___22___ some friends in the area. They had asked him to ___23___ some pepperoni (辣香肠) from back east. So he ___24___ a suitcase full of pepperoni. As he was ___25___ that it would be too warm, he ___26___ it out on the table near an open window. He thought his pepperoni was ___27___ and well chilled (冷却) and he ___28___.

That’s when things went ___29___. “I remember walking down the long ___30___ and opening the door to my room to find an entire flock of seagulls.” Burchill said in a recent letter of ___31___ to the 4-star hotel. “The seagulls immediately went ___32___. They rushed to the window, 30 or 40 birds all trying to ___33___ at the same time, and pepperoni—everywhere. The curtains were falling down, the lamps were falling down. It was a real ___34___.”

Older and wiser now, Burchill chalked up the incident to youthful indiscretion (莽撞). “I have ___35___ and I admit responsibility for my ___36___.” he said in the letter. “I come to you, ___37___, to apologize for the damage I had ___38___ caused and to ask you to ___39___ my lifetime ban from the hotel.”

His letter ___40___. Banned from the hotel since 2001, Burchill is now welcome to come back, the Fairmont said.

21. A. Studying       B. staying            C. looking              D. packing

22. A. visit              B. help                 C. follow                D. make

23. A. sell              B. have                 C. bring                 D. taste

24. A. filled            B. locked              C. abandoned       D. lost

25. A. surprised    B. pleased            C. excited              D. worried

26. A. dug             B. cleared             C. cut                    D. laid

27. A. delicious     B. safe                  C. soft                   D. ready

28. A. left              B. nodded             C. waited              D. regretted

29. A. far               B. funny               C. wrong               D. blind

30. A. beach         B. driveway          C. hall                   D. table

31. A. application B. apology            C. request             D. invitation

32. A. hungry       B. dead                 C. missing            D. wild

33. A. wake up     B. get out             C. take off             D. break in

34. A. mess          B. puzzle               C. fight                 D. challenge

35. A. recovered   B. retired               C. escaped          D. matured

36. A. suffering     B. plans                 C. madness         D. actions

37. A. hands in pockets                      B. nose in the air

      C. hat in hand                               D. feet on the ground

38. A. indirectly   B. deliberately         C. cautiously        D. secretly

39. A. replace      B. remember          C. reconsider        D. renew

40. A. arrived       B. worked              C. ended               D. disappeared

答案:21—25 DACAD  26—30 DBACC  31—35 BDBAD  36—40 DCACB

 

▲2020新全国卷1-完形填空

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Molai grew up in a tiny village in India. The village lay near some wetlands which became his second ___21___. He learned the value and beauty of ___22___ there from a very young age.

When he was 16, Molai began to notice something ___23___ happening around his home. A flood had hit the area earlier that year and the ___24___ it caused had driven away a number of birds. ___25___, the number of snakes had declined as well. He ___26___ that it was because there weren’t enough trees to protect them from the ___27___. The solution, of course, was to plant trees so the animals could seek ___28___ during the daytime. He turned to the ___29___ department for help but was told that nothing would grow there. However, Molai went looking on his own and ___30___ a nearby island where he began to plant trees.

 ___31___ young plants in the dry season was ___32___ for a lone boy. Molai built at the ___33___ of each sapling (幼树) a bamboo platform, where he placed earthen pots with small holes to ___34___ rainwater. The water would then drip (滴落) on the plants below.

Molai ___35___ to plant trees for the next 37 years. His efforts have resulted in 1,360 acres of naturally-grown land that has become home to many plants and animals.

21. A. dream            B. job                    C. home                 D. choice

22. A. nature            B. youth               C. culture                D. knowledge

23. A. precious        B. interesting        C. disturbing           D. awkward

24. A. waste            B. tension             C. pain                    D. damage

25. A. Besides        B. However           C. Therefore            D. Otherwise

26. A. agreed          B. realized             C. remembered      D. predicted

27. A. noise            B. heat                   C. disease               D. dust

28. A. directions     B. partners             C. help                     D. shelter

29. A. labor             B. police                C. forest                   D. finance

30. A. rebuilt           B. discovered        C. left                       D. managed

31. A. Decorating   B. Observing         C. Watering              D. Guarding

32. A. tough           B. illegal                 C. fantastic              D. beneficial

33. A. back             B. top                    C. foot                      D. side

34. A. cool down    B. keep off             C. purify                   D. collect

35. A. returned      B. learned              C. failed                    D. continued

答案:21—25 CACDA  26—30 BBDCB  31—35 CABDD

 

▲2020新全国卷2-完形填空

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

When Jim Grant spotted black smoke coming out of a building on his way to work, he ___41___ his car to call 911. Then he ___42___ a U-turn, circling back to take another look.

Pulling up to the building, Grant saw flames (火焰) shooting out of a second-floor window. Not seeing or hearing any fire engines ___43___, Grant rushed to a side ___44___ and ran up the stairs.

On the second floor, he ___45___ every apartment door. “Get out!” Grant shouted. No one ___46___ and he assumed that people had already ___47___. Reaching the end of the hallway, though, Grant ___48___ a half-pen door. He kicked it wide open, finding a ___49___ woman in a wheelchair with a little boy and a tiny baby. “Let’s ___50___” he screamed. The woman looked at him in confusion and said something about changing her clothes. Grant didn’t wait. Clutching (抓牢) the baby to his chest and ___51___the boy alongside, Grant ran down the hallway. When he was ___52___ outside, the only ___53___ in sight was a policeman. Grant told him about the ___54___ and they rushed into the smoky building.

Thanks to them, a family was saved from the fire. Grant and the policeman were honored for their ___55___.

41.A. drove             B. stopped           C. reached            D. abandoned

42 A. saw               B. made               C missed               D. crossed

43.A. burning         B. leaving             C. approaching     D. waiting

44. A entrance       B. road                 C. building             D. window

45.A. locked          B. kicked               C. counted            D. repaired

46. A. agreed        B. cared                C. responded        D. understood

47. A. arrived        B. returned            C. hidden              D. escaped

48.A. skipped        B. closed              C. noticed              D. remembered

49.A. frightened    B. curious             C. patient               D. grateful

50.A. turn back     B. go up                C. get out               D. lie down

51.A. following      B. dragging           C. examining         D. passing

52. A. safely         B. secretly             C. suddenly           D. previously

53. A. witness       B. guide                C service               D. help

54. A. woman       B. door                  C. car                     D. baby

55. A. wisdom       B. generosity        C. honesty             D. courage

答案:41—45 BBCAB  46—50 CDCAC  51—55 BADAD

 

▲2020全国卷1-完形填空

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Since our twins began learning to walk, my wife and I have kept telling them that our sliding glass door is just a window. The ___41___ is obvious. If we ___42___ it is a door, they’ll want to go outside ___43___. It will drive us crazy. The kids apparently know the ___44___. But our insisting it’s ___45___ a window has kept them from ___46___ millions of requests to open the door.

I hate lying to the kids. One day they’ll ___47___ and discover that everything they’ve always known about windows is a ___48___.

I wonder if ___49___ should always tell the truth no matter the ___50___. I have a very strong ___51___ that the lie we’re telling is doing ___52___ damage to our children. Windows and doors have ___53___ metaphorical(比喻) meanings. I’m telling them they can’t open what they absolutely know is a door. What if later in ___54___ they come to a metaphorical door, like an opportunity(机会) of some sort, and ___55___ opening the door and taking the opportunity, they just ___56___ it and wonder, “What if it isn’t a door?” That is, “What if it isn’t a ___57___ opportunity?”

Maybe it’s an unreasonable fear. But the ___58___ is that I shouldn’t lie to my kids. I should just ___59___ repeatedly having to say, “No. We can’t go outside now.” Then when they come to other doors in life, be they real or metaphorical, they won’t ___60___ to open them and walk through.

41. A. relief              B. target                 C. reason               D. case

42. A. admit             B. believe               C. mean                 D. realize

43. A. gradually       B. constantly          C. temporarily         D. casually

44. A. result            B. danger                C. method               D. truth

45. A. merely          B. slightly                C. hardly                 D. partly

46. A. reviewing     B. approving            C. receiving            D. attempting

47. A. win out        B. give up                 C. wake up             D. stand out

48. A. dream          B. lie                        C. fantasy               D. fact

49. A. parents        B. twins                   C. colleagues          D. teachers

50. A. restrictions   B. explanations       C. differences         D. consequences

51. A. demand       B. fear                     C. desire                 D. doubt

52. A. physical       B. biological            C. spiritual               D. behavioral

53. A traditional     B. important            C. double                 D. original

54. A. life               B. time                    C. reply                    D. history

55. A. by comparison with                    B. in addition to

     C. regardless of                               D. instead of

56. A. get hold of  B. stare at               C. knock on              D. make use of

57. A real              B. typical                 C. similar                  D. limited

58. A. safety rule  B. comfort zone      C. bottom line           D. top secret

59. A. delay          B. regret                 C. enjoy                     D. accept

60. A. hurry          B. decide               C. hesitate                  D. intend

答案:41—45 CABDA  46—50 DCBAD  51—55 BCBAD  56—60 BACDC

 

▲2020全国卷2-完形填空

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

It was just after sunrise on a June morning. “Nicolo,” whose real name cannot be ___41___ to the public because of Italy’s privacy laws, ___42___ working the whole night at a factory in Turin. As he often did, he stopped by the “after work auction(拍卖)” ___43___ by the Italian police where things ___44___ on the trains were sold to the highest bidder. There, among many other things, Nicolo spotted two paintings he thought would look ___45___ above his dining room table. Nicolo and another bidder ___46___ until Nicolo finally won the paintings for $32.

When Nicolo retired and went to live in Sicily, he ___47___ the paintings with him. He hung them above the same table he had ___48___ from Turin. His son, age 15, who had ___49___ an art appreciation class, thought that there was something ___50___ about the one with a young girl sitting on a garden chair. It was signed (签名) “Bonnato” or so he thought, but when he ___51___ it, he only found “Bonnard,” a French ___52___ he had never heard of. He bought a book and was ___53___ to find a picture of the artist Pierre Bonnard sitting on the same chair in the same ___54___ as his father’s painting.

“That’s the garden in our picture,” Nicolo’s son told his father. They ___55___ learned that the painting they ___56___ was called “The Girl with Two Chairs.” They ___57___ the other painting and learned that it was ___58___ Paul Gauguin’s “Still Life of Fruit on a Table with a Small Dog.” The ___59___ called the Italian Culture Ministry; the official confirmed that the paintings were ___60___ and worth as much as $50 million.

41. A. attached          B. allocated          C. exposed             D. submitted

42. A. finished           B. delayed            C. considered         D. tried

43. A. attended         B. reserved           C. cancelled           D. run

44. A. shown            B. found                C. kept                    D. hidden

45. A. nice               B. familiar              C. useful                  D. real

46. A. battled           B. debated            C. discussed            D. bargained

47. A. held               B. left                     C. registered           D. brought

48. A. chosen          B. received            C. ordered               D. moved

49. A. missed          B. failed                 C. taken                   D. led

50. A. concrete        B. unusual             C. unappealing        D. natural

51. A. appreciated   B. touched             C. researched         D. witnessed

52. A. painter           B. designer            C. author                 D. actor

53. A. expected       B. surprised           C. anxious               D. ready

54. A. room             B. kitchen               C. hall                     D. garden

55. A. apparently    B. confidently         C. eventually           D. temporarily

56. A. owned          B. borrowed           C. sold                     D. stole

57. A. collected      B. cleaned              C. framed                D. studied

58. A. suitably        B. actually              C. rightly                  D. specifically

59. A. girl               B. artist                   C. family                  D. police

60. A. copies        B. originals               C. models                D. presents

答案:41—45 CADBA  46—50 ADDCB  51—55 CABDC  56—60 ADBCB

 

▲2020全国卷3-完形填空

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

As a businesswoman, I care deeply about my customers. But like anyone for whom you feel affection, ___41___ can also drive you mad. They’ll come rushing in ___42___ their handbag’s been stolen. They’ll ___43___ that they left it in the changing room, create havoc (混乱) and then  ___44___ it had been in their car all the time. They’ll have out half the ___45___ in the shop, and want the only style you don’t have left in a ___46___ colour. I do know how upset the shop staff can get, but I try to persuade them to keep ___47___.

I remember the first ___48___ customer we had at Covent Garden. She was ___49___ absolutely everything, nothing was right and I was rather ___50___ that she became a “regular”. After a while, she ___51___ for the way she behaved at the beginning. She had split up with her husband the week before, was living in a flat ___52___, and since she’d found it too much to cope with (应对), she’d taken it out on ___53___ people.

That taught me a valuable ___54___ and I pass it on to the people who ___55___ in the market. Don’t take it ___56___. If a customer is rude or difficult, just think “Maybe she’s had a row with her husband. Maybe her child’s not ___57___.” Always water it down and don’t let your ego (自我) get ___58___. If you do, you won’t be able to ___59___ it and the whole thing develops into an unpleasant scene and that ___60___ everyone’s day.

41. A. shopkeepers   B. customers          C. salespersons      D. receptionists

42. A. saying             B. pretending          C. guessing             D. replying

43. A. agree              B. promise              C. imagine               D. swear

44. A. forget              B. decide                C. discover              D. assume

45. A. foods              B. catalogues         C. belongings           D. goods

46. A. particular        B. different              C. matching             D. natural

47. A. fighting           B. smiling                C. waiting                D. changing

48. A. generous        B. polite                  C. careless              D. difficult

49. A. curious about B. displeased with  C. patient with          D. uncertain about

50. A. relaxed          B. delighted             C. surprised             D. embarrassed

51. A. searched       B. argued                C. prayed                 D. apologized

52. A. by chance     B. by herself            C. on purpose          D. on duty

53. A. rude              B. such                    C. other                    D. lonely

54. A. lesson          B. trick                      C. skill                      D. trade

55. A. work             B. shop                    C. meet                     D. quarrel

56. A. kindly           B. secretly             C. personally               D. casually

57. A. ready           B. away                 C. up                            D. well

58. A. out of sight  B. in the way        C. behind the scene      D. above the law

59. A. stress          B. expect               C. handle                     D. blame

60. A. ruins           B. makes               C. starts                        D. saves

答案:41—45 BADCD  46—50 ABDBC  51—55 DBCAA  56—60 CDBCA 

 

▲2019全国卷1-完形填空

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Every year about 40, 000 people attempt to climb Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa. They ___41___ with them lots of waste. The ___42___ might damage the beauty of the place. The glaciers (冰川) are disappearing, changing the ___43___ of Kilimanjaro.

Hearing these stories, I’m ___44___ about the place — other destinations are described as “purer” natural experiences.

However, I soon ___45___ that much has changed since the days of disturbing reports of ___46___ among tons of rubbish. I find a ___47___ mountain, with toilets at camps and along the paths. The environmental challenges are ___48___ but the efforts made by the Tanzania National Park Authority seem to be ___49___.

The best of a Kilimanjaro ___50___, in my opinion, isn’t reaching the top. Mountains are ___51___ as spiritual places by many cultures. This ___52___ is especially evident on Kilimanjaro as ___53___ go through five ecosystems (生态系统) in the space of a few kilometers. At the base is a rainforest. It ends abruptly at 3, 000 meters, ___54___ lands of low growing plants. Further up, the weather ___55___—low clouds envelop the mountainsides, which are covered with thick grass. I ___56___ twelve shades of green from where I stand. Above 4, 000 meters is the highland ___57___: gravel (砾石), stones and rocks. ___58___ you climb into an arctic-like zone with ___59___ snow and the glaciers that may soon disappear.

Does Kilimanjaro ___60___ its reputation as a crowded mountain with lines of tourists ruining the atmosphere of peace? I found the opposite to be true.

41. A. keep               B. mix                       C. connect                  D. bring

42. A. stories            B. buildings               C. crowds                   D. reporters

43. A. position          B. age                       C. face                        D. name

44. A. silent              B. skeptical               C. serious                   D. crazy

45. A. discover         B. argue                    C. decide                    D. advocate

46. A. equipment     B. grass                     C. camps                    D. stones

47. A. remote           B. quiet                      C. tall                         D. clean

48. A. new                B. special                  C. significant              D. necessary

49. A. paying off       B. spreading out       C. blowing up             D. fading away

50. A. atmosphere   B. experience            C. experiment            D. sight

51. A. studied           B. observed              C. explored                D. regarded

52. A. view               B. quality                   C. reason                   D. purpose

53. A. scientists        B. climbers               C. locals                     D. officials

54. A. holding on to  B. going back to       C. living up to             D. giving way to

55. A. changes         B. clears                   C. improves               D. permits

56. A. match             B. imagine                C. count                     D. add

57. A. village            B. desert                   C. road                       D. lake

58. A. Obviously       B. Easily                   C. Consequently        D. Finally

59. A. permanent     B. little                       C. fresh                      D. artificial

60. A. enjoy              B. deserve                C. save                       D. acquire

答案:41—45 DCCBA  46—50 CDCAB  51—55 DABDA  56—60 CBDAB

 

▲2019全国卷2-完形填空

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

It’s about 250 miles from the hills of west-central Iowa to Ehlers’ home in Minnesota. During the long trip home, following a weekend of hunting, Ehlers ___41___ about the small dog he had seen ___42___ alongside the road. He had ___43___ to coax () the dog to him but, frightened, it had ___44___.

Back home, Ehlers was troubled by that ___45___ dog. So, four days later, he called his friend Greg, and the two drove ___46___. After a long and careful ___47___, Greg saw, across a field, the dog moving ___48___ away. Ehlers eventually succeeded in coaxing the animal to him. Nervousness and fear were replaced with ___49___. It just started licking () Ehlers’ face.

A local farmer told them the dog sounded like one ___50___ as lost in the local paper. The ad had a ___51___ number for a town in southern Michigan. Ehlers ___52___ the number of Jeff and Lisa to tell them he had ___53___ their dog.

Jeff had ___54___ in Iowa before Thanksgiving with his dog, Rosie, but the gun shots had scared the dog off. Jeff searched ___55___ for Rosie in the next four days.

Ehlers returned to Minnesota, and then drove 100 miles to Minneapolis to put Rosie on a flight to Michigan. “It’s good to know there’s still someone out there who ___56___ enough to go to that kind of ___57___,” says Lisa of Ehlers’ rescue ___58___.

“I figured whoever lost the dog was probably just as ___59___ to it as I am to my dogs,” says Ehlers. “If it had been my dog, I’d hope that somebody would be ___60___ to go that extra mile.”

41. A. read                   B. forgot                      C. thought                    D. heard

42. A. fighting               B. trembling                C. eating                      D. sleeping

43. A. tried                    B. agreed                   C. promised                 D. regretted

44. A. calmed down      B. stood up                C. rolled over               D. run off

45. A. injured                B. stolen                     C. lost                          D. rescued

46. A. home                  B. past                       C. back                        D. on

47. A. preparation         B. explanation            C. test                          D. search

48. A. cautiously           B. casually                 C. skillfully                   D. angrily

49. A. surprise              B. joy                          C. hesitation                D. anxiety

50. A. predicted            B. advertised              C. believed                  D. recorded

51. A. house                 B. phone                    C. street                       D. car

52. A. called                  B. copied                   C. counted                   D. remembered

53. A. fed                      B. adopted                 C. found                       D. cured

54. A. hunted                B. skied                      C. lived                        D. worked

55. A. on purpose         B. on time                  C. in turn                      D. in vain

56. A. cares                   B. sees                      C. suffers                     D. learns

57. A. place                   B. trouble                   C. waste                      D. extreme

58. A. service                B. plan                       C. effort                        D. team

59. A. equal                   B. allergic                  C. grateful                    D. close

60. A. suitable                B. proud                   C. wise                         D. willing

答案:41—45 CBADC  46—50 CDABB  51—55 BACAD  56—60 ABCDD

 

▲2019全国卷3-完形填空

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

The small town of Rjukan in Norway is situated between several mountains and does not get direct sunlight from late September to mid-March— ___41___ six months out of the year.

“Of course, we ___42___ it when the sun is shining,” says Karin Ro, who works for the town’s tourism office. “We see the sky is ___43___, but down in the valley it’s darker—it’s like on a ___44___ day.”

But that ___45___ when a system of high-tech ___46___ was introduced to reflect sunlight from neighboring peaks (山峰) into the valley below. Wednesday, residents (居民) of Rjukan ___47___ their very first ray of winter sunshine: A row of reflective boards on a nearby mountainside were put to ___48___. The mirrors are controlled by a computer that ___49___ them to turn along with the sun throughout the ___50___ and to close during windy weather. They reflect a concentrated beam () of light onto the town’s central ___51___, creating an area of sunlight roughly 600 square meters. When the light ___52___, Rjukan residents gathered together.

“People have been ___53___ there and standing there and taking ___54___ of each other,” Ro says. “The town square was totally ___55___. I think almost all the people in the town were there.”The 3, 500 residents cannot all ___56___ the sunshine at the same time. ___57___, the new light feels like more than enough for the town’s ___58___ residents.

“It’s not very ___59___,” she says, “but it is enough when we are ___60___.”

41. A. only                    B. obviously                C. nearly                      D. precisely

42. A. fear                    B. believe                    C. hear                        D. notice

43. A. empty                B. blue                         C. high                         D. wide

44. A. cloudy                B. normal                    C. different                   D. warm

45. A. helped               B. changed                  C. happened               D. mattered

46. A. computers         B. telescopes               C. mirrors                   D. cameras

47. A. remembered     B. forecasted                C. received                 D. imagined

48. A. repair                B. risk                           C. rest                         D. use

49. A. forbids               B. directs                     C. predicts                   D. follows

50. A. day                    B. night                        C. month                     D. year

51. A. library                B. hall                          C. square                    D. street

52. A. appeared           B. returned                  C. faded                      D. stopped

53. A. driving               B. hiding                      C. camping                 D. sitting

54. A. pictures             B. notes                       C. care                       D. hold

55. A. new                   B. full                           C. flat                         D. silent

56. A. block                 B. avoid                       C. enjoy                     D. store

57. A. Instead              B. However                 C. Gradually               D. Similarly

58. A. nature-loving     B. energy-saving         C. weather-beaten     D. sun-starved

59. A. big                     B. clear                  C. cold                              D. easy

60. A. trying                 B. waiting              C. watching                     D. sharing

答案:41—45 CDBAB  46—50 CCDBA  51—55 CADAB  56—60 CBDAD

 

▲2018全国卷1-完形填空

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

During my second year at the city college, I was told that the education department was offering a “free” course, called Thinking Chess, for three credits. I ___41___ the idea of taking the class because, after all, who doesn’t want to ___42___ a few dollars? More than that, I’d always wanted to learn chess. And, even if I weren’t ___43___ enough about free credits, news about our ___44___ was appealing enough to me. He was an international grandmaster, which ___45___ I would be learning from one of the game’s ___46___. I could hardly wait to ___47___ him.

Maurice Ashley was kind and smart, a former graduate returning to teach, and this ___48___ was no game for him; he meant business. In his introduction, he made it ___49___ that our credits would be hard-earned. In order to ___50___ the class, among other criteria, we had to write a paper on how we plan to ___51___ what we would learn in class to our future professions and, ___52___, to our lives. I managed to get an A in that ___53___ and learned life lessons that have served me well beyond the ___54___.

Ten years after my chess class with Ashley, I’m still putting to use what he ___55___ me: “The absolute most important ___56___ that you learn when you play chess is how to make good ___57___. On every single move you have to ___58___ a situation, process what your opponent (对手) is doing and ___59___ the best move from among all your options.” These words still ring true today in my ___60___ as a journalist.

41. A. put forward     B. jumped at         C. tried out               D. turned down

42. A. waste              B. earn                   C. save                   D. pay

43. A. excited            B. worried              C. moved                D. tired

44. A. title                  B. competitor        C. textbook              D. instructor

45. A. urged              B. demanded        C. held                     D. meant

46. A. fastest             B. easiest              C. best                    D. rarest

47. A. interview       B. meet                 C. challenge              D. beat

48. A. chance          B. qualification      C. honor                    D. job

49. A. real                B. perfect             C. clear                      D. possible

50. A. attend            B. pass                C. skip                        D. observe

51. A. add                B. expose            C. apply                      D. compare

52. A. eventually     B. naturally           C. directly                   D. normally

53. A. game             B. presentation    C. course                   D. experiment

54. A. criterion         B. classroom        C. department            D. situation

55. A. taught            B. wrote               C. questioned             D. promised

56. A. fact                B. step                 C. manner                  D. skill

57. A. grades           B. decisions        C. impressions            D. comments

58. A. analyze          B. describe         C. rebuild                    D. control

59. A. announce      B. signal              C. block                      D. evaluate

60. A. role                B. desire             C. concern                  D. behavior

答案:41—45 BCADD  46—50 CBDCB  51—55 CACBA  56—60 DBADA

 

▲2018全国卷2-完形填空

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Two weeks earlier, my son, Ben, had got in touch. He’d moved to England with his mum when he was three and it had been 13 years since I’d ___41___ seen him. So imagine my ___42___ when he emailed me saying he wanted to come to visit me.

I was ___43___! I arrived early at ByronBay where we were supposed to ___44___. The bay was ___45___ in sunshine, and there was a group of kayakers around 150m off the shore. Getting a little ___46___, I realized one kayak (皮划艇) was in ___47___. “Something’s not ___48___!” I took off my T-shirt and ___49___ into the water. I saw there were two instructors on board and a man lying across the middle. He was ___50___ violently. Linking arms with one of the instructors, I helped ___51___ the young man out of the water. He was unconscious and as I looked at his face, something ___52___ to me. Those brown eyes were very ___53___. “What’s his name?” I asked the instructor. “Ben,” he replied, and immediately I ___54___. That stranger was my son!

The instructors called for an ambulance. ___55___, after a brief stay in hospital, Ben was well enough to be allowed to ___56___ and later the family met up for dinner. We chatted about everything and then Ben ___57___ to me. “I just want to say thank you,” he said. “You ___58___ my life!”

I still can’t believe what a ___59___ it was. I’m just so glad I was there ___60___ to help my son.

41. A. also                   B. often                    C. even                    D. last

42. A. delight               B. relief                    C. anger                   D. worry

43. A. scared               B. shocked              C. thrilled                 D. ashamed

44. A. talk                    B. stay                     C. meet                    D. settle

45. A. bathed               B. clean                  C. deep                     D. formed

46. A. faster                 B. closer                 C. heavier                 D. wiser

47. A. trouble               B. advance             C. question               D. battle

48. A. real                    B. right                   C. fair                        D. fit

49. A. stared                B. sank                   C. dived                    D. fell

50. A. arguing              B. fighting               C. shouting               D. shaking

51. A. lead                   B. persuade            C. carry                     D. keep

52. A. happened          B. occurred             C. applied                 D. appealed

53. A. sharp                 B. pleasant             C. attractive              D. familiar

54. A. agreed              B. hesitated             C. doubted                D. knew

55. A. Fortunately        B. Frankly               C. Sadly                    D. Suddenly

56. A. return                B. relax                   C. speak                    D. leave

57. A. joked                 B. turned                C. listened                 D. pointed

58. A. created             B. honored              C. saved                    D. guided

59. A. coincidence      B. change               C. pity                        D. pain

60. A. on board           B. in time                C. for sure                  D. on purpose

答案:41—45 DACCA  46—50 BABCD  51—55 CBDDA  56—60 DBCAB


▲2018全国卷3-完形填空

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

When most of us get a text message on our cell phone from an unknown person, we usually say “sorry, ___41___ number!” and move on. But when Dennis Williams ___42___ a text that clearly wasn’t intended for him, he did something ___43___.

On March 19, Dennis got a group text ___44___ him that a couple he didn’t know were at the hospital, waiting for the ___45___ of a baby.

“Congratulations! But I think someone was mistaken,” Dennis ___46___. The baby was born and update texts were ___47___ quickly from the overjoyed grandmother, Teresa. In her ___48___, she didn’t seem to realize that she was ___49___ the baby’s photos with a complete stranger. “Well, I don’t ___50___ you all but I will get there to take pictures with the baby,” replied Dennis before asking which room the new ___51___ were in.

Much to the family’s surprise, Dennis stuck to his ___52___! He turned up at the hospital ___53___ gifts for the new mother Lindsey and her baby boy. Lindsey’s husband was totally ___54___ by the unexpected visit. “I don’t think we would have randomly invited him over but we ___55___ it and the gifts.”

Teresa ___56___ a photo of the chance meeting on a social networking website ___57___ by the touching words: “What a ___58___ this young man was to our family! He was so ___59___ and kind to do this.” The post has since gained the ___60___ of social media users all over the world, receiving more than 184,000 shares and 61,500 likes in just three days.

41. A. unlucky              B. secret                    C. new                         D. wrong

42. A. received            B. translated              C. copied                      D. printed

43. A. reasonable        B. special                   C. necessary               D. practical

44. A. convincing         B. reminding              C. informing                 D. warning

45. A. wake-up            B. recovery                C. growth                     D. arrival

46. A. responded         B. interrupted             C. predicted                D. repeated

47. A. coming in          B. setting out              C. passing down         D. moving around

48. A. opinion              B. anxiety                   C. excitement              D. effort

49. A. comparing         B. exchanging            C. discussing              D. sharing

50. A. accept               B. know                      C. believe                   D. bother

51. A. parents              B. doctors                  C. patients                  D. visitors

52. A. dream                B. promise                 C. agenda                  D. principle

53. A. bearing              B. collecting               C. opening                 D. making

54. A. discouraged      B. relaxed                  C. astonished             D. defeated

55. A. admit                 B. need                     C. appreciate              D. expect

56. A. found                 B. selected               C. developed              D. posted

57. A. confirmed          B. simplified             C. clarified                   D. accompanied

58. A. pity                    B. blessing               C. relief                       D. problem

59. A. smart                 B. calm                    C. sweet                      D. fair

60. A. sympathy          B. attention              C. control                     D. trust

答案:41—45 DABCD  46—50 AACDB  51—55 ABACC  56—60 DDBCB

……

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  • 发表于 2021-11-16 00:07
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