倪肖丁
倪肖丁
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5天前 回答问题

实际上in/with excitement没什么区别,in/with surprise也没什么区别。例如:His hands shook with excitement. The child cried out in excitement.这两句中无论是in excitement还是with excitement都可以表示原因。She looked at the open suitcase with surprise.Bill looked at him in surprise.这两句中,with surprise和in surprise都可以表示方式。又例如:Mom gasped in/with surprise at the sight of my sister's new haircut. 句中的in和with可互换,意思没什么区别。有时方式和原因的区别单从介词短语难以确定或者难以区别,因为方式往往由原因产生,于是就成了原因的表现形式,例如:In the stands, the crowd was shouting with excitement.(WALD)意思是“人们激动地喊叫”,这时候with excitement既是原因,更是方式(=in an excited way),没必要非此即彼地予以区分。

5天前 回答问题

“want+名词+ing分词”的结构是存在的。COLLINS COBUILD GRAMMAR PATTERNS 1: VERBS在介绍适用v n –ing结构的动词时,将want与hate, like, appreciate, dislike, forget, remember等一起列入其中。例如:I didn't want every Tom, Dick and Harry knowing about my private life.我不想让张三李四都知道我的私生活。(LDOCE)want这一用法比较口语化,小说中较常见。例如:Sophie's olive gaze was keen. "I didn't tell you about the tracking dot earlier because I didn't want you checking your pocket in front of Fache. He can't know you've found it." (The Da Vinci Code)But I don’t want you running away with the idea that I’m better at Herbology than she is! I just happen to have met several of these exotic plants on my travels . . .” (Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets)“I don’t want you lot sneaking out of school to see me, all right? (Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire)要提醒的是,want sb doing结构的肯定式中doing具有“正在进行”的意思。例如:I want them standing when the Minister enters. 此句相当于I want them to be standing when the Minister enters,这与非进行体的I want them to stand when the Minister enters不同。但在非肯定语境中,want sb/sth doing sth可表示want sb/sth to do sth的意思。例如:I don't want you bringing your dog with you.(CGEL)此句中的bringing义同to bring,而非to be bringing。

2022-04-29 21:11 发表了文章

2022-04-19 11:21 发表了文章

2022-04-17 10:48 回答问题

I haven't got many eggs的意思与I don't have many eggs相同。have got是口语用法,通常用于英国英语,在此句中表示“拥有”,相当于have。至于你问的“前后的例句是相等的意思吗”,我不明白你究竟在问啥。前后的例句指的是哪些例句?不过可以肯定的是,你上面给出的例句没有哪两句意思是相等的。

2022-03-16 11:25 发表了文章

2022-02-21 18:17 回答问题

国内传统英语语法中,状语是个筐,难以确定是其他成分的词语似乎都可以往里装。因此,你的这几个例句中的动词不定式也可以往里装,尽管很难界定究竟是何种状语。因为这类不定式用在形容词之后,有人称其为修饰形容词的状语(不是修饰动词分句的状语),实际上这也很牵强。在当代英语语法中,这类动词不定式被界定为形容词补足语,即adjective complementation,这一点国外英语语法界已经比较一致了,国内章振邦语法也采用这一分类。这是有道理的,因为失去了这些不定式,形容词的词义以及句子都有缺损。因此,它们不是分句的一个基本成分,而是形容词的一个补足成分。如果有兴趣了解具体信息,可阅读《新编高级英语语法》35.3节,或Quirk的CGOEL第16.75节。不过语法名称术语大致了解一下就可以了,知道怎么用才重要。

2022-01-13 10:44 发表了文章

2022-01-06 17:56 回答问题

1. 《剑桥语法》对上述两句的描述没有错,序号也没搞颠倒。2. 句(i)存在两种解释:①分句对过去的虚拟,主句对过去的虚拟。即:他当时没留在部队,他也没有成为上校。   ②分句对过去的虚拟,主句对将来的虚拟。即:他当时没留在部队,他也不可能在将来某个时间(例如后文给出的by the end of the/this decade)成为上校。原书后面的那段文字就是说明第②种解释的可能性,比如添加状语by the end of the decade。3. 句(ii)的末尾标有[open]。这说明本句是真实条件句。也可称作开放性条件句(open conditionals)或中性条件句(neutral conditionals)。意思是该条件有可能实现(it leaves open the possibility of being fulfilled)。在此前提下,主句的will have done用于推测已经发生了某事,此处意为“他准保已经成为上校了”。此时的will大致相当于must或should,表示可能性很大。will的这种用法很常见,例如Winston will have finished packing by now.(McGraw-Hill Handbook of English Grammar and Usage)

2021-12-30 20:07 回答问题

Lily had a wonderful time and received a fine gift, _________.A. so had Lucy   B. so did Lucy  C. so Lucy did    D. so it was with Lucy这个题自身有小缺陷,正如上面两位网友所述,题干正文后面那个逗号用得不规范。最简单的做法就是把逗号改为分号(;)当然也可以在so前加上and。在这一修改的基础上,选项B是正确的。在前一句中,had a wonderful time and received a fine gift是并列谓语,两个动词的时态和语态是一致的,它们所对应的助动词都是did,所以可用so did Lucy,并无不妥。例如:... but just as I thought that it was all over she turned and began to feed on Kaptein, and  so did the cubs.(Long Odds);Malfoy let out a terrible scream and bolted — so did Fang.(Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone)