Popularization has in some cases changed the original meaning of emotional (情感的) intelligence. Many people now misunderstand emotional intelligence as almost everything desirable in a person’s makeup that cannot be measured by an IQ test, such as character, motivation, confidence, mental stability, optimism and “people skills.” Research has shown that emotional skills may contribute to some of these qualities, but most of them move far beyond skill-based emotional intelligence.
We prefer to describe emotional intelligence as a specific set of skills that can be used for either good or bad purposes. The ability to accurately understand how others are feeling may be used by a doctor to find how best to help her patients, while a cheater might use it to control potential victims. Being emotionally intelligent does not necessarily make one a moral person.
Although popular beliefs regarding emotional intelligence run far ahead of what research can reasonably support, the overall effects of the publicity have been more beneficial than harmful. The most positive aspect of this popularization is a new and much-needed emphasis (重视) on emotion by employers, educators and others interested in promoting social well-being. The popularization of emotional intelligence has helped both the public and researchers re-evaluate the functionality of emotions and how they serve people adaptively in everyday life.
Although the continuing popular appeal of emotional intelligence is desirable, we hope that such attention will excite a greater interest in the scientific and scholarly study of emotion. It is our hope that in coming decades, advances in science will offer new perspectives (视角) from which to study how people manage their lives. Emotional intelligence, with its focus on both head and heart, may serve to point us in the right direction.
32. What is a common misunderstanding of emotional intelligence? 对情商的普遍误解是什么？
A. It can be measured by an IQ test. 它可以通过智商测试来衡量。
B. It helps to exercise a person’s mind. 它有助于锻炼一个人的头脑。
C. It includes a set of emotional skills. 它包括一套情感技能。
D. It refers to a person’s positive qualities. 它是指一个人的积极品质。
33. Why does the author mention “doctor” and “cheater” in paragraph 2? 作者为什么在第2段提到“医生”和“骗子”？
A. To explain a rule. 是为了解释一条规则。
B. To clarify a concept. 是为了澄清一个概念。
C. To present a fact. 是为了陈述一个事实。
D. To make a prediction. 是为了做出一个预测。
34. What is the author’s attitude to the popularization of emotional intelligence? 作者对情商大众化持什么态度？
A. Favorable. 支持。
B. Intolerant. 无法容忍。
C. Doubtful. 怀疑。
D. Unclear. 不清楚。
35. What does the last paragraph mainly talk about concerning emotional intelligence? 关于情商，最后一段主要讲了什么？
A. Its appeal to the public. 它对公众的吸引力。
B. Expectations for future studies. 对未来研究的期望。
C. Its practical application. 它的实际应用。
D. Scientists with new perspectives. 有新观点的科学家。