As cities balloon with growth, access to nature for people living in urban areas is becoming harder to find. If you’re lucky, there might be a pocket park near where you live, but it’s unusual to find places in a city that are relatively wild.



Past research has found health and wellness benefits of nature for humans, but a new study shows that wildness in urban areas is extremely important for human well-being.



The research team focused on a large urban park. They surveyed several hundred park-goers, asking them to submit a written summary online of a meaningful interaction they had with nature in the park. The researchers then examined these submissions, coding (编码) experiences into different categories. For example, one participant’s experience of “We sat and listened to the waves at the beach for a while” was assigned the categories “sitting at beach” and “listening to waves. ”



Across the 320 submissions, a pattern of categories the researchers call a “nature language” began to emerge. After the coding of all submissions, half a dozen categories were noted most often as important to visitors. These include encountering wildlife, walking along the edge of water, and following an established trail.



Naming each nature experience creates a usable language, which helps people recognize and take part in the activities that are most satisfying and meaningful to them. For example, the experience of walking along the edge of water might be satisfying for a young professional on a weekend hike in the park. Back downtown during a workday, they can enjoy a more domestic form of this interaction by walking along a fountain on their lunch break.



“We’re trying to generate a language that helps bring the human-nature interactions back into our daily lives. And for that to happen, we also need to protect nature so that we can interact with it,” said Peter Kahn, a senior author of the study.



32. What phenomenon does the author describe at the beginning of the text?

A. Pocket parks are now popular.

B. Wild nature is hard to find in cities.

C. Many cities are overpopulated.

D. People enjoy living close to nature.

32. 作者在文中一开始描述了什么现象?

A. 现在小公园很流行。

B. 城市中难以找到野生环境。

C. 许多城市人口过剩。

D. 人们喜欢住在接近大自然的地方。

33. Why did the researchers code participant submissions into categories?

A. To compare different types of park-goers.

B. To explain why the park attracts tourists.

C. To analyze the main features of the park.    

D. To find patterns in the visitors’ summaries.

33. 研究人员为什么要把参与者提交的信息分门别类?

A. 比较不同类型的公园游客。

B. 解释公园为什么吸引游客。

C. 分析公园的主要特点。

D. 在游客提交的总结中发现模型。

34. What can we learn from the example given in paragraph 5?

A. Walking is the best way to gain access to nature.

B. Young people are too busy to interact with nature.

C. The same nature experience takes different forms.

D. The nature language enhances work performance.

34. 我们可以从第5段给出的例子中了解到什么情况?

A. 走路是接近大自然的最佳方式。

B. 年轻人太忙而无法与大自然互动。

C. 在大自然中相同的体验有不同的形式。

D. 自然语言可以改进工作表现。

35. What should be done before we can interact with nature according to Kahn?

A. Language study.

B. Environmental conservation.

C. Public education.

D. Intercultural communication.

35. 根据卡恩,我们在与大自然互动之前应该做什么?

A. 语言学习。

B. 环境保护。

C. 公众教育。

D. 跨文化交流。

答案:32—35 BDCB



  • 发表于 2023-11-05 21:23
  • 阅读 ( 1408 )
  • 分类:高考英语

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