柯帕斯-高考英语真题翻译-2023-新全国卷2-阅读理解D

柯帕斯-高考英语真题翻译-2023-新全国卷2-阅读理解D.doc

柯帕斯-高考英语真题翻译-2023-新全国卷2-阅读理解D

 

As cities balloon with growth, access to nature for people living in urban areas is becoming harder to find. If you’re lucky, there might be a pocket park near where you live, but it’s unusual to find places in a city that are relatively wild.

翻译:随着城市的快速扩张,生活在城市地区的人们越来越难以接近大自然。你如果幸运的话,你住的地方附近可能会有一个袖珍公园,但要在城市里找到相对未开发荒野之地是不寻常的。

 

Past research has found health and wellness benefits of nature for humans, but a new study shows that wildness in urban areas is extremely important for human well-being.

翻译:过去的研究发现,大自然对人类的健康是有益的,但一项新的研究表明,城市未开发的野生环境对人类的健康和生活质量极其重要。

 

The research team focused on a large urban park. They surveyed several hundred park-goers, asking them to submit a written summary online of a meaningful interaction they had with nature in the park. The researchers then examined these submissions, coding (编码) experiences into different categories. For example, one participant’s experience of “We sat and listened to the waves at the beach for a while” was assigned the categories “sitting at beach” and “listening to waves. ”

翻译:研究团队把重点放在一个大型城市公园上,并对数百位公园游客进行了调查,要求他们在网上提交一份书面总结,描述他们在公园里与大自然有意义的互动。然后,研究人员对这些提交的内容进行了仔细的核查,将各种体验进行编码并划归为不同的类别。例如,一位参与者的“我们坐在沙滩上听了一会儿海浪”的经历被划归到“坐在沙滩上”和“听海浪”的类别。

 

Across the 320 submissions, a pattern of categories the researchers call a “nature language” began to emerge. After the coding of all submissions, half a dozen categories were noted most often as important to visitors. These include encountering wildlife, walking along the edge of water, and following an established trail.

翻译:在这320份提交的材料中,一种被研究人员称为“自然语言”的分类模式开始出现。在对所有提交的材料进行编码后发现,有六个类别被最常视为对游客非常重要,其中包括遇到野生动物,沿着水边散步,沿着一条人们已走出来的小径行走。

 

Naming each nature experience creates a usable language, which helps people recognize and take part in the activities that are most satisfying and meaningful to them. For example, the experience of walking along the edge of water might be satisfying for a young professional on a weekend hike in the park. Back downtown during a workday, they can enjoy a more domestic form of this interaction by walking along a fountain on their lunch break.

翻译:给每个自然体验命名创造出了一种可用的语言,这有助于人们认识并参与到对他们来说最满意和最有意义的活动中。例如,沿着水边散步的经历可能会让一位年轻的专业人士在周末去公园徒步远足时感到满足。工作日回到市中心,他们可以在午休时沿着喷泉散步,享受一种更具家庭乐趣的互动方式。

 

“We’re trying to generate a language that helps bring the human-nature interactions back into our daily lives. And for that to happen, we also need to protect nature so that we can interact with it,” said Peter Kahn, a senior author of the study.

翻译:“我们正试图创造一种语言,以帮助将人类与大自然的互动活动带回到我们的日常生活中。要做到这一点,我们还需要保护大自然,这样我们才能与它互动,”该项研究的资深作者彼得·卡恩说。

 

32. What phenomenon does the author describe at the beginning of the text?

A. Pocket parks are now popular.

B. Wild nature is hard to find in cities.

C. Many cities are overpopulated.

D. People enjoy living close to nature.

32. 作者在文中一开始描述了什么现象?

A. 现在小公园很流行。

B. 城市中难以找到野生环境。

C. 许多城市人口过剩。

D. 人们喜欢住在接近大自然的地方。

33. Why did the researchers code participant submissions into categories?

A. To compare different types of park-goers.

B. To explain why the park attracts tourists.

C. To analyze the main features of the park.    

D. To find patterns in the visitors’ summaries.

33. 研究人员为什么要把参与者提交的信息分门别类?

A. 比较不同类型的公园游客。

B. 解释公园为什么吸引游客。

C. 分析公园的主要特点。

D. 在游客提交的总结中发现模型。

34. What can we learn from the example given in paragraph 5?

A. Walking is the best way to gain access to nature.

B. Young people are too busy to interact with nature.

C. The same nature experience takes different forms.

D. The nature language enhances work performance.

34. 我们可以从第5段给出的例子中了解到什么情况?

A. 走路是接近大自然的最佳方式。

B. 年轻人太忙而无法与大自然互动。

C. 在大自然中相同的体验有不同的形式。

D. 自然语言可以改进工作表现。

35. What should be done before we can interact with nature according to Kahn?

A. Language study.

B. Environmental conservation.

C. Public education.

D. Intercultural communication.

35. 根据卡恩,我们在与大自然互动之前应该做什么?

A. 语言学习。

B. 环境保护。

C. 公众教育。

D. 跨文化交流。

答案:32—35 BDCB

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  • 发表于 2023-11-05 21:23
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  • 分类:高考英语

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