柯帕斯英语网—2021高考英语真题翻译-北京卷-阅读理解C

2021高考英语真题翻译-北京卷-阅读理解C

Hundreds of scientists, writers and academics sounded a warning to humanity in an open letter published last December: Policymakers and the rest of us must engage openly with the risk of global collapse. Researchers in many areas have projected the widespread collapse as “a credible scenario (情景) this century”.

翻译:数百名科学家、作家和学者在去年12月发表的一封公开信中向人类发出了警告:政策制定者以及其他所有人必须公开面对全球崩溃的风险。许多领域的研究人员预测普遍崩溃是这个世纪的一个可信的场景

 

A survey of scientists found that extreme weather events, food insecurity, and freshwater shortages might create global collapse. Of course, if you are a non-human species, collapse is well underway.

翻译:科学家的一项调查发现,极端天气引发的事件、食品不安全以及淡水短缺可能造成全球崩溃。当然,如果你是非人类物种,崩溃已经开始了。

 

The call for public engagement with the unthinkable is especially germane in this moment of still-uncontrolled pandemic and economic crises in the world’s most technologically advanced nations. Not very long ago, it was also unthinkable that a virus would shut down nations and that safety nets would be proven so disastrously lacking in flexibility.

翻译:在世界上技术最先进的国家仍面临疫情得不到控制和经济危机的时刻,呼吁公众参与令人无法想象的事情尤为重要。就在不久前,人们还无法想象一种病毒会让一些国家关闭,而且安全防护网被证明是如此灾难性地缺乏灵活性。

 

The international scholars’ warning letter doesn’t say exactly what collapse will look like or when it might happen. Collapseology, the study of collapse, is more concerned with identifying trends and with them the dangers of everyday civilization. Among the signatories (签署者) of the warning was Bob Johnson, the originator of the “ecological footprint” concept, which measures the total amount of environmental input needed to maintain a given lifestyle. With the current footprint of humanity, “it seems that global collapse is certain to happen in some form, possibly within a decade, certainly within this century,” Johnson said in an email.

翻译:许多国家的学者发出的警告信并没有具体说明崩溃时的情形以及何时发生。崩溃学是一门研究崩溃的学科,它更关注于识别未来的趋势及其随之而来对日常文明带来的危害。鲍勃约翰逊是警告信的签署人之一,也是生态足迹的概念发起人。该概念衡量维持一个设定的生活方式所需要的环境输入总量。约翰逊在一封电子邮件中说:根据目前人类的足迹,似乎全球崩溃肯定会以某种形式发生,有可能在未来10年内,但肯定在本世纪内。

 

Only if we discuss the consequences of our biophysical limits, the December warning letter says, can we have the hope to reduce their “speed, severity and harm”. And yet messengers of the coming disturbance are likely to be ignored. We all want to hope things will turn out fine. As a poet wrote,

Man is a victim of dope (麻醉品)

In the incurable form of hope.

翻译:十二月份的警告信说,只有我们讨论了生物物理极限的后果,我们才有希望降低它到来的速度、严重性和危害。然而,即将到来的混乱的所发出的信号可能会被忽视。我们都希望事情会好转。正如一位诗人写道:人类受害于毒,却无望获救。

 

The hundreds of scholars who signed the letter are intent (执着) on quieting hope that ignores preparedness. “Let’s look directly into the issue of collapse,” they say, “and deal with the terrible possibilities of what we see there to make the best of a troubling future.”

翻译:签署了这封信的数百位学者希望丢掉不做应对准备的幻想。他们说:“让我们直接研究崩溃的问题,应对我们所看到的令人恐惧的可能性,以便让一个令人不安的未来能最大可能地为我所用。


 28. What does the underlined word “germane” in Paragraph 3 probably mean?

A. Scientific.

B. Credible.

C. Original.

D. Relevant.

28. 第三段中划线的单词“germane”大概是什么意思?
A. 科学
B. 可信
C. 原创
D. 相关

 

29. As for the public awareness of global collapse, the author is ______.

A. worried

B. puzzled

C. surprised

D. scared

29. 至于公众对全球崩溃的意识,作者是______
A: 担心
B. 困惑
C. 惊讶
D. 害怕

 

30. What can we learn from this passage?

A. The signatories may change the biophysical limits.

B. The author agrees with the message of the poem.

C. The issue of collapse is being prioritized.

D. The global collapse is well underway.

30.我们能从这篇文章中了解到什么?
A. 签署可能会改变生物物理极限。
B. 作者同意这首诗传递的信息。
C. 崩溃的问题正在被优先考虑。
D. 全球崩溃已经开始

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  • 发表于 2021-09-07 09:34
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  • 分类:高考英语

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王汝涛
王汝涛

英语教师

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