realize 可以和problem搭配吗

realize 可以和problem搭配吗?  新译林版《初中英语》八年级下册(中方主编王守仁何锋译林出版社 2013年11月第2版 2018年10月第6次印刷)P9上有这样一句话:Later the government realized the...

realize 可以和problem 搭配吗

 

■李翔

 

新译林版《初中英语》八年级下册(中方主编王守仁何锋译林出版社 201311月第2 201810月第6次印刷)P9上有这样一句话:Later the government realized the problem and took action to improve the situation. 其中的 “realized the problem” 意思是意识到这个问题,此处realize的汉语意思是意识到”, 英语意思是“to understand or become aware of a particular fact or situation” (Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (8th edition Oxford University Press 2010电子版) 此时,realize用法如下:

~that  I didn't realize (that) you were so unhappy.

The moment I saw her, I realized something was wrong.

~ how, what, etc… I don't think you realize how important this is to her.

~ (sth)  I hope you realize the seriousness of this crime.

Only later did she realize her mistake.

从以上可以看出,可以说realize sth, 那么realize 可以和problem搭搭吗?

 

通过查阅资料,具体情况如下:

 

一、普通词典中realize词条和 problem词条都没有realize problem搭配的例证:

1.《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》(第六版)(商务印书馆20048月第2 200410月北京第46次印刷) P1434 realize词条和P1367 problem词条

2.《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》(第七版)(商务印书馆 2009年)

P1650 realize词条和P1578 problem词条

3. Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary8th edition  Oxford University Press  2010 电子版)realize词条和 problem词条

4. Oxford Learner’s Dictionaries

(http://www.oxfordadvancedlearnersdictionary.com/) realize词条和 problem词条

5.《朗文当代高级英语辞典》(英英·英汉双解新版) (外语教学与研究出版社20043月第1 20048月底2次印刷)

P1636 realize词条和 P1560 problem词条

6. Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English (5th Edition 电子版)

realize词条和 problem词条

7.《朗文当代高级英语辞典》(英英·英汉双解新版) (外语教学与研究出版社20195月第1版)

P2129 realize词条和 P2034 problem词条

8. Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English Online

https://www.ldoceonline.com/realize词条和 problem词条

9.《麦克米伦英汉高阶英汉双解词典》(外语教学与研究出版社 200510月第1版)P1723 realize词条和 P1646 problem词条

10.《柯林斯高阶英汉双解词典》(商务印书馆 200810月第1版)P1317 realize词条和 P1260 problem词条

11.《柯林斯COBUILD高阶英汉双解学习词典》(外语教学与研究出版社 20117月第1版)P2170 realize词条和 P2075 problem词条

12. Collins

(https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english)

realize词条和 problem词条

13、简清国主编《外研社建宏英汉多功能词典》(外语教学与研究出版社19971月第1版)

P1219 realize词条和P1166 problem词条

14[]田中茂范《外研社英汉双解词典》(20087月第1版)

P1732realize词条和P11658problem词条

15Cambridge Dictionary http://dictionary.cambridge.org/

realize词条和 problem词条

16Merriam-Websterhttps://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/

17、张道真主编《现代英语用法词典》(修订版)(首都师范大学出版社20097月第1版)

P1191 realize词条和P1132  problem词条

18、陆谷孙主编《英汉大词典》(第2版)(上海译文出版社20073月第1版)

P1634 realize词条和P11559 problem词条

19、张柏然主编《新时代英汉大词典》(商务印书馆20044月第1版)

P1910  realize词条和P1132  problem词条

 

二、搭配词典realize词条和 problem词条都没有realize problem搭配的例证:

1. Morton Benson 《朗文实用英语词语搭配词典》(英汉双解)(上海译文出版社 19966月第1版)

P912 realize词条和P870 problem词条

2. 郭杰克主编《当代英语搭配大词典》(高等教育出版社 200211月第1版)

P1449 realize 词条和P1370 problem词条

3. 张彦昌主编《英语常用词搭配词典》(吉林大学出版社19885月第1版)

P1008 problem词条

4. 王文昌主编《英语搭配大词典》(江苏教育出版社200411月第2版)

P1737 problem词条

5. []市川繁治郎《英语搭配大辞典》(外语教学与研究出版社 20610 月第1版)

P1337 problem词条

6. Oxford Collocations Dictionary for Students of English(外语教学与研究出版社20037月第1版)

P623 realize词条和P596 problem词条

7. Oxford Collocations Dictionary for Students of English 2nd edition  Oxford University Press, 2009

realize词条:

Realize is used with these nouns as the object: ambition, aspiration , asset, danger, dream, enormity, error, expectation, extent, fault, folly, futility, gravity, impact, implication, importance, inadequacy, investment, limitation, magnitude, mistake, nature, potential, predicament, profit, return, saving, scale, seriousness, stupidity, talent, truth, value, vision, worth (笔者注:realize可以后接以上名词作宾语,却不包括problem

Problem 词条:

sth that causes difficulties 讲时:

verb + problem

be, pose, present (sb with), remain

Inadequate resources pose a ~ for all members of staff.

have  develop

He developed a drinking ~.

bring, cause, create, pose

Success brings its own ~s.

Staff shortages cause ~s for the organization.

complicate, compound

be beset with, be confronted by, be confronted with, be dogged by ( esp. BrE ), be faced with, be fraught with, confront, encounter, experience, face, run into, suffer

He has been faced with all sorts of ~s in his new job.

The plan has been fraught with ~s from the start.

battle

an important step in battling the terrorist ~

attribute, blame

the ~s attributed to capitalism

They blame the ~ on the new prescription drug law.

raise

She raised the ~ of falling sales at the last meeting.

see

He doesn't really see the ~.

define

acknowledge, admit, recognize

I'm glad you finally admitted your ~.

understand

He doesn't seem to understand my ~.

anticipate, foresee

I don't anticipate any future ~s in that regard.

detect, discover, identify, isolate, pinpoint, spot, indicate, point out

These symptoms may indicate a serious ~.

assess, examine , investigate , study

They created a task force to study this ~.

diagnose, figure out ( esp. AmE ), work outconsider, debate, discuss, look at, look into

describe, frame ( esp. AmE )

Framing the ~ is an important step.

address, approach, attack, combat, come to grips with, counter, get to grips with, grapple with, handle, manage, tackle

The next meeting will address the ~ of obesity.

illustrate

This illustrates another potential ~.

highlight, underscore ( esp. AmE )

This underscores the biggest ~ with electronic voting.

mask

All the anti-depressant does is mask the ~.

avoid, circumvent, find a way around, find a way round ( esp. BrE ), get around, get round ( esp. BrE ), prevent, sidestep

ignore, overlook

For years I've tried to overlook this ~.

forget

I forgot my ~s for a moment.

clear up, correct, cure, deal with, eliminate, fix ( esp. AmE ), iron out , overcome, rectify, remedy, repair, resolve, settle, solve, sort out, troubleshoot

He had to undergo surgery to cure the ~ with his knee.

alleviate, ease, minimize, mitigate, reduce, relieve, simplify, aggravate, exacerbate, exaggerate, magnify, worsenanalyse/analyze, explore (笔者注:以上这么多动词可以后接problem作宾语,却没有realize

另外,根据《朗文当代高级英语辞典》(英英·英汉双解新版) (外语教学与研究出版社20195月第1版)realizeproblem都属于口语及书面中最基本的1000个单词范围,然而以上所列举的词典都没有realizeproblem搭配的例句,可见不能绝对说realizeproblem不能搭配,但至少是不常搭配。

原译林版《牛津初中英语》(Fun With English8B(译林出版社 200612月第2 200711月第2次印刷)P9有这样的句子:Laterthe government realized it was a very serious problem and took action to reduce the pollution. 显而易见,本句realize后面跟的是省略that的宾语从句,而不是realize 和直接problem搭配,可见当时编者也认为realize problem不常搭配。不知道什么原因,后来改为realize 和直接problem搭配。

  • 发表于 2022-06-05 11:08
  • 阅读 ( 313 )
  • 分类:词法问题

你可能感兴趣的文章

相关问题

3 条评论

请先 登录 后评论
李  翔
李 翔

教师

3 篇文章

作家榜 »

  1. 柯编辑 293 文章
  2. 管理员 188 文章
  3. 黎反修 65 文章
  4. 蒋学文 56 文章
  5. 刘永科 54 文章
  6. 倪肖丁 47 文章
  7. 陈根花 34 文章
  8. 舒清海 31 文章