分析: He has a mother who likes watching TV.

He has a mother who likes watching TV.

这个句子有什么问题存在?请老师解答疑惑!

请先 登录 后评论

5 个回答

陈才   - 英语教师
擅长:中考英语,词法问题

1He has a mother who likes watching TV.【正确】【a mother这里a不表示数量。】

备注:以上侧重点说明“妈妈拥有某种爱好”相当于是His mother likes watching TV。或者 His mothers hobby is watching TV.而不是说明有1....的妈妈

2He has a mother, who likes watching TV.【正确】【a mother这里a表示数量。】

备注:以上侧重点说明“有一个妈妈”然后补充说明妈妈有某种爱好。相当于He has one mother and her hobby is watching TV. He has one mother and she likes watching TV.

以下2个句子和以上2个句子有所不同【按逻辑和常理,妈妈只能拥有1个,但儿子可以有1个或者1个以上。】

1The old man has a son who is a doctor.【限制性定语从句表示:不止1个儿子】

备注:以上侧重点说明:儿子不止1个,其中1个为医生。相当于The old man has three sons and one of them is a doctor.

2The old man has a son who is a doctor.【非限制性定语从句表示:仅仅只有1个儿子】

备注:以上侧重点说明:儿子仅仅只有1个,这个儿子是1名医生。相当于 The old man has only one son and he is a doctor.

以下2个句子和网友提供英语句子定语从句用法完全一样

1Tom has a mother who is beautiful.【定语从句起修饰/描绘的作用】

=Tom has a beautiful mother.

2Mary has a face which is beautiful .【定语从句起修饰/描绘的作用】

=Mary has a beautiful face.

请先 登录 后评论
蒋红秀   - 英语教师
擅长:词法问题,句法问题,英语考试

几位老师说的都有道理,我比较认同大鹏老师说的分析。

限制性关系分句除了表示“区分性”,也表示“描绘性”。

一个简单的思路是,对于逻辑上只有“一个”的人或物,其后都可以接描绘性的限定性关系分词,比如:

have a head that / which...

have a face that / which...

have a nose that / which...

have a stomach that / which...

have a father that / who...

have a mother that / who...

……

顺着这个思路,顺着这些用法完全可以查到不少权威实例!

 

请先 登录 后评论
好题  
擅长:英语

赞同几位老师的解答,我仅补充几个外刊例句,供大家比较体会。我理解,语境决定具体含义。

1.attachments-2022-12-4aiHbgjE638a7cd3533c1.png

2. 

attachments-2022-12-HlEy67Zd638a7d03691a3.png3. 

attachments-2022-12-OcwjtXMQ638a7d3659070.png

4.

attachments-2022-12-F9FlFePl638a7daaba304.png5.

attachments-2022-12-Sm4lbNaE638a7df58f39f.png

请先 登录 后评论
波波老师  
擅长:英语考试

我觉得网友的句没有问题,我同意蒋老师的分析——这里的不定冠词表示“身份”,而不是表示“数量”。这里的 a mother who...是指一个什么样的母亲,而不是强调一个或两个母亲。

我曾在张道真的《现代英语用法词典》上记录了这样一个例句:

Although she had a husband who loved her, she felt her life was lacking in romance. (Chambers)

这里的 she had a husband who loved her 与网友句子中的 He has a mother who likes watching TV 用法是一样的。这里的 a husband 并不意味着她有多个丈夫。

如果将网友的句子改为非限制性定语从句,则表明后面的定语从句只是一个信息补充(可有可无),单独说 He has a mother 则可能需要特定的语境,比如:He has no father, no brother and no sister, but he has a mother, who loves him very much / who likes watching TV.

请先 登录 后评论
蒋学文   - 英语教师
擅长:英语

He has a mother who likes watching TV.

句子没有问题。句意:

他有一个爱看电视的的母亲。

请先 登录 后评论
  • 6 关注
  • 4 收藏,1192 浏览
  • Aunner 提出于 2022-12-02 16:45