11 不定式作什么句子成分

原句是:

The top official has duty to protect young from carbon emissions.

另外,还有I have work to do中的不定式to do,也属于相同的句子成分吗?

望老师予以解答,谢谢了!

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3 个回答

邹德浩 - 英语教师

The top official has duty to protect young from carbon emissions.

上面句子中的不定式作定语,have duty to do sth 意思是“有做做某事的责任”。

类似地,在I have work to do中,不定式to do,也是定语,意思是“有要做的工作”。

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周晓光

The top official has duty to protect young from carbon emissions.这个句子感觉在young前应该加上the, the young表年轻人,表类别时,一般是the+形容词. 句中的to protect the young from carbon emissions是对duty的解释说明,将其内容具体化,即:保护年轻人免遭碳排放的后果。例如:Every citizen has duty to report crimes to the police. Public servants have duty to serve people heart and soul.在这种情况下,不定式做后置定语的结构,常常表达为:---N+to do ---, to do是对前面名词的解释,说明其具体指代,名词与不定式之间形成同位语。再看更多的例子。1. We all have a dream to go to college(上大学的梦想). 2. Every now and then, we have an itch to travel(旅行的渴望). 3.She expressed a wish to be alone.(一个人的愿望) 4. We have faith in his ability to handle problems.(处理问题的能力) 5. He doesn't have the courage to apologize for his actions.(为自己的行为道歉的勇气)

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汤慧婷

The top official has duty to protect young from carbon emissions.

这句当中的to do充当的成分是后置定语,修饰的是duty. I have work to do 当中的to do 作用相同。

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  • dios 提出于 2021-07-08 21:52