定语从句好像缺主语

Undergraduates will tell you that they’re under pressure — from their parentsfrom the burden of debt they incurfrom society at large — to choose majors they believe will lead as directly as possible to good jobs.

来自20145月份英语笔译二级真题。majors后面是定语从句,但是从句的主语呢?

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最佳答案 2021-06-15 19:36

Undergraduates will tell you that they’re under pressure — from their parentsfrom the burden of debt they incurfrom society at large — to choose majors they believe will lead as directly as possible to good jobs.

你的句子涉及所谓的嵌入式定语从句:

…to choose majors they believe will lead as directly as possible to good jobs.

= …to choose majors (that) they believe will lead as directly as possible to good jobs.

其中的 they believe 嵌入成分,定语从句的真正主语被省略了。关于这种定语从句省略主语的用法,《柯帕斯英语网》有几位大佬有过很详细的论述,下面我选择相关的一段截图给你: 

attachments-2021-06-dzvj8P7A60c847efb5fb1.jpg

更详细的完整内容你可以慢慢阅读:https://www.cpsenglish.com/question/38169

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  • 空条承太郎 提出于 2021-06-15 12:38