高中英语新课标词汇-教学参考资料-obvious

高中英语新课标词汇-教学参考资料-obvious

柯帕斯英语网

2017版高中英语新课标词汇

教学参考资料(配新教材)

obvious

供稿:柯帕斯小编

版权所有,只供在线阅读,严禁下载他用

 

▲obvious /ˈɒbviəsli/(假超标词)

【备考词义】

adj.显然的,明显的,易理解的

【学习要点】

1.句法功能

(1) 用作表语

Isn’t the answer obvious? 答案还不清楚吗?

Her impatience to leave was obvious. 很明显,她急于离开。

Her confusion was obvious. 她的困惑显而易见。

Their sense of accomplishment was obvious. 他们的成就感显而易见。

Their affection for each other is obvious. 看得出他们相互之间很关爱。

His contentment with life was very obvious. 他对生活感到满足是显而易见的。

His satisfaction at / with the result was obvious. 他对结果感到满意是显而易见的。

It seems obvious now, but that’s being wise after the event. 现在事情看来显而易见,但这也是事后聪明。

真题例句

The reason is obvious. 这样说的原因很明显。(2020全国卷完形)

(2) 用作定语

She had an obvious talent for music. 她在音乐上有很明显的天分。

There is an obvious connection between the two murders. 两宗谋杀案之间有明显关联。

The school is an obvious candidate for extra funding. 所学校显然会得到额外的经费。

The client showed an obvious preference for one option. 客户明显偏好其中一个选择。

It was an obvious mistake for him to have gone alone.他独自前去是个很明显的错误。

Bill is the obvious choice for captain of the team. 比尔是明显的队长人选。

The obvious way of reducing pollution is to use cars less. 减少污染显而易见的办法就是少用汽车。

真题例句

There’s no obvious answer. 并没有明显的答案。(2015四川卷阅E)

It’s hardly an obvious conclusion that this is a good way to survive. 这是否是一个存活下来的最好办法,很难得出一个显而易见的结论。(2019江苏卷任务型阅读)

While regularly eating out seems to have become common for many young people in recent years, it’s not without a cost. The obvious one is money. 近年来,经常外出就餐对许多年轻人来说似乎已经司空见惯了,但这并不是没有代价的。最明显的(代价)是要花钱。(2018浙江卷语法)

2.句式与搭配(其中的be也可根据需要换成其他系动词)

(1) be obvious to………来说是显然的(显而易见的):

His guilt was obvious to everybody. 人人都很淸楚他的罪行。

His disappointment was obvious to everyone. 谁都能一眼看出他很失望。

The answer is already obvious to me. 答案对我来说已经很清楚了。

The reasons are obvious to all of us. 对我们所有的人来说,原因是显而易见的。

It might be obvious to you, but it isn’t to me. 这对你来说也许很容易理解,但对我却并非如此。

The answer seems obvious enough to me. 对我来说,答案似乎是一目了然的。

(2) be obvious from… 根据…………是显然的(显而易见的):

His grief was obvious from the way he spoke. 他说话的方式中明显透着悲伤。

Her disappointment was obvious from her face. 她的失望清楚地写在脸上。

Her anger at him was obvious from her voice. 从她的声音中可以看出她对他的愤怒。

(3) It is obvious that… 很显然……

It was obvious that Gina was lying. 吉娜显然是在撒谎。

It’s obvious that they love each other very much. 显然他们都深爱对方。

It was obvious that she was in pain. [=feeling pain]很明显她觉得很疼。

It was obvious that things weren’t working out. 显而易见,事情进展不顺利。

It was obvious that I knew very little about it. 非常明显,我对此几乎什么也不知道。

It’s obvious that a boy isn’t strong enough to lift an elephant. 显然,一个孩子是举不起一头象的。

有时也可在obvious后面加上to sbfrom sth。如:

It is obvious to everyone that he was lying. 每个人都明白他在撒谎。

It was obvious from Luke’s body language that he was nervous. 卢克的动作表明他很紧张。

It was obvious from her tone of voice that she didn’t like me. 从她的语气判断,很明显她不喜欢我。

It’s obvious from what she said that something is wrong. 根据她说的,显然是出问题了。

真题例句

It seems obvious that evolution should select for larger brains. 显然,进化应该选择更大的大脑。(2019江苏卷任务型阅读)

It seems obvious that these have made humankind the most powerful animal on earth. 很明显,这些都使人类成了地球上最强大的动物。(2019江苏卷任务型阅读)

It is obvious that the way much coffee is grown affects many aspects of life. 显然,咖啡的种植方式影响着生活的方方面面。(2015陕西卷阅C)

(4) for obvious reasons 出于显而易见的原因

For obvious reasons, I won’t go into details. 出于显而易见的原因,我不想详细说明了。

They have a small child so for obvious reasons they need money. 他们有个年幼的孩子,所以显然很需要钱。

For obvious reasons , we’ve changed the names. 由于显而易见的原因,我们把名称改了。

For obvious reasons the police cannot give any more details about the case. 出于显而易见的原因,警方对此案不能透露更多的细节。

3.易错提示

(1) the obvious可用作名词,意思是明显的事(根据语境可灵活翻译):

She has a tendency to labor the obvious. 她总爱过度强调明摆着的事。

It merely states the obvious. 它只是陈述了显而易见的道理。

Try to look beyond the obvious. 努力看到事物表象之外的东西。

(2) 通常不说:sb is obvious to do sth

要表示某人明显想做某事,英语习惯上不说sb is obvious to do sth,可考虑使用副词obviously。如:

他显然喜欢吃美食。

误:He is obvious to enjoy delicious food.

正:He obviously enjoys delicious food.

他显然想要得到表扬。

误:He was obvious to expect to be praised.

正:He was obviously expecting to be praised.

4. 派生副词的相关用法参见:

https://www.cpsenglish.com/article/627


【单词档案】

1.针对2017版课标来说,它属于课标外单词同(但属于假超标词)——2003版课标收录了形容词obvious,但没有收录副词obviously;而2017版课标则收录了副词obviously,没有收录形容词obvious

2.虽然2017版课标没有收录obvious,但根据2017年版《高中英语课程标准》(p121),可根据构词法推导出的部分名词、形容词、副词等在高考题中出现是不会视为生词的(即不会夹注中文),所以严格说来obvious并不算超标词,也就是所谓的假超标词。根据近10年的真题大数据统计,每年高考题中都有大约50来个这类假超标词

2.根据《高考英语备考1号》(陈根花主编,湖南大学出版社2021年版),该词的派生副词obviously在近10年的频序和频次如下:

〖参考频序〗1311

频序指的是以3000课标词汇作为比较范围该词在近10年高考题中出现的频率排序,本词的频序1311表示它在3000个课标词汇中排位1311(即1311/3000)。

〖参考频次〗近十年34次,近五年7次,近三年6次。[中频词汇]

根据《高考英语备考1·词汇编》的大数据统计(其中数词、人称代词、物主代词、星期名词、月份名词等86个单词另行统计):

高频词汇(共993个):在近10年高考题中出现次数为51次及以上;

中频词汇(共988个):在近10年高考题中出现次数为1450次;

低频词汇(共933个):在近10年高考题中出现次数为13次及以下。

本词属于高考中的中频词汇

【征稿说明】

编写体例:欢迎有兴趣的老师参照现有体例为2017版的3000课标词汇以及新教材词汇编写词条。

版权说明:本文版权为供稿作者所有,若需用于课常教学之外的其他用途,请与原作者联系,并取得原作者的书面同意,否则一律视为侵权。

文责自负:供稿作者文责自负,严禁出现抄袭和侵权内容;若有任何侵权,由供稿作者单独承担相关责任,本站不承担连带责任。

是否收费:词条是否收费以及收费的多少由上传老师自行决定。

查询方法:在搜索栏输入词汇教学参考资料+词条即可查到您想要内容。

单词档案:单词档案部分将统一由本站管理员根据陈根花老师《高考英语备考1号》的编辑团队提供的高考真题大数据语料库进行补充(陈根花老师团队的《高考真题大数据语料库》已申请著作权保护,著作权登记证书的编号为:湘作登字-2021-A-0004899,未经书面授权不得转载或引用)。

  • 发表于 2021-09-13 13:35
  • 阅读 ( 4247 )
  • 分类:高考英语

0 条评论

请先 登录 后评论
柯编辑
柯编辑

英语教师

293 篇文章

作家榜 »

  1. 柯编辑 293 文章
  2. 管理员 230 文章
  3. 黎反修 108 文章
  4. 蒋学文 95 文章
  5. 刘永科 54 文章
  6. 倪肖丁 51 文章
  7. 舒清海 36 文章
  8. 陈根花 34 文章