2020全国各地中考英语完形填空(共60套)

2020全国各地中考英语完形填空(共60套)

2020年全国各地中考英语完形填空

一、北京市

At the end of my first year of high school, I realized I needed to find a summer job. I was tired of having to ask my parents for ____13____. I wanted to go to the shopping center or movies with friends without having to ask for $20 from my parents. I imagined having a job at a store or at a summer camp where I could play games with children. But what actually happened was ____14____. The only job I managed to find was cleaning up tables at a local restaurant.

At first, the idea of clearing tables upset me. The thought of getting up at dawn(黎明) to go clean up after people made me ___15___ ever asking for a job. The first day was terribly busy. I was running around, racing to get a table ready for the waiting customers. I’ll never forget how ___16___ I felt that day, but I’ll also never forget sitting down for lunch with my co-workers for the first time. People my age or ten years older all sat together and talked about their days. All of a sudden I was a part of that, and it felt good to be so ____17____ .

I’ve now worked at the restaurant for almost one year. I’ve learned to be happy about getting up so early, because I know there’re going to be a few good ____18____ every day there.

From starting there as a shy student, I’ve been able to grow into a person that can go up and

___19___ anyone, at work or anywhere else. I’m also not as sensitive(敏感的) as I used to be-getting an impolite customer might make me feel bad, but very soon I can laugh it off with my

co-workers. The little job has given me so much, and I can’t wait to go back and continue to

____20____ from my experience.

13. A. food                      B. money                 C. attention                    D. advice

14. A. exciting         B. encouraging             C. confusing                  D.disappointing

15. A. forget                    B. enjoy                           C. regret                          D. imagine

16. A. tired                      B. happy                  C. curious                D. relaxed

17. A. loved                    B. missed                 C. needed                      D. included

18. A. dishes                  B. choices                      C. moments                    D.customers

19. A. find                B. greet                           C. push                           D. stop

20. A. grow                     B. stand                          C. rest                       D. hide

答案及解析

本文讲述了我在高中的第一年结束时,在一家餐馆找一份暑期工作。刚开始我感到很累,后悔找到这样一份工作。但是后来,我从一个害羞的学生开始逐渐成长为一个可以在工作中或其他任何地方与任何人打招呼的人。

13. B【解析】句意:他厌倦了向父母要钱。A. food 食物, B. money 金钱, C. attention 注意力, D. advice 建议。根据后文的“I wanted to go to the shopping center or movies with friends without having to ask for $20 from my parents.”可知,此处表示向父母要钱,故选 B

14. D【解析】句意:但实际发生的事情却令人失望。A. exciting 令人兴奋的, B. encouraging 令人鼓舞的, C. confusing 令人困惑的, D. disappointing令人失望的。根据“I imagined having a job at a store or at a summer camp where I could play games with children.” “The only job I managed to find was cleaning up tables at a local restaurant.” 可知,我原来想象着找一个在商店或夏令营的工作,但是我设法找到的唯一工作就是在餐馆收拾桌子,这是令我失望的事。故选 D

15. C【解析】句意:一想到天一亮就起床去收拾别人的桌子,我就后悔自己找过工作。

A. forget 忘记, B. enjoy 喜欢, C. regret后悔, D. imagine 想象。根据前文的“At first, the idea of clearing tables upset me.” 可知,擦桌子令我感到心烦,因此我后悔找到这份工作,故选 C

16. A【解析】句意:我永远不会忘记那天有多累。A. tired 疲倦的, B. happy 高兴的, C. curious 好奇的, D. relaxed 放松的。根据前文的“The first day was terribly busy.” 可知,我很忙,因此感到非常累,故选 A

17. D【解析】句意:突然之间,我成了其中的一部分,被包括在内的感觉很好。A. loved 喜欢, B. missed 错过, C. needed 需要, D. included 包括。根据“I was a part of that”

可知,我成了其中一部分,因此感到被包括在内,故选 D

18. C【解析】句意:我学会了为早起感到高兴,因为我知道每天都会有一些美好的时刻。

A. dishes 菜肴, B. choices 选择, C. moments 时刻, D. customers 顾客。根据前文的“but I’ll also never forget sitting down for lunch with my co-workers for the first time.” 可知,我喜欢和同事在一起吃午饭,交谈,认为这是一些美好的时刻。故选 C

19. B【解析】句意:我从一个害羞的学生开始逐渐成长为一个可以在工作中或其他任何地方与任何人打招呼的人。A. find 找到, B. greet问候, C. push 推动, D. stop 停止。根据前文的“I’ve now worked at the restaurant for almost one year” 可知,我在餐馆里工作,因此要问候顾客。故选 B

20. A【解析】句意:这份小工作给了我很多,我等不及要回去继续从我的经历中成长。A. grow 成长, B. stand 站立, C. rest休息, D. hide 躲藏。根据前文的“From starting there as a shy student, I’ve been able to grow into a person that can go up and ___7___ anyone, at work or anywhere else.” 可知,此处表示我成长了。故选 A

二、天津市

I have two older brothers, Matt and Martin. They love me very much. Perhaps it is because I

am the ___16___ child and the only sister they have.

Both Matt and Martin have thick and dark hair. They look alike (相像) with ___17___ short hairdos (发型) and big eyes. They are also very tan (晒黑的) because they enjoy outdoor ___18___. For example, Matt likes football and Martin is a tennis player. They are much taller than me and I always have to look up when I ___19___ to them. They both love to ___20___, so Mum often says that they could eat a horse. Their personalities (性格) are very ___21___. Matt is very active and lively. He often takes part in club activities and gets along ___22___ with people. He also likes to play jokes on others, especially Martin! Sometimes Mum is not very ___23___ with Matt because he plays so much and does not listen to his teachers carefully when he is in class.

Martin, on the other hand(另一方面), is the quiet one. He is less active than Matt, ___24___ he has a really close group of friends. He also does well in his ____25____ because he works very hard on his studies. Mum never has to worry about Martin.

16. A. fattest                   B. youngest                    C. rudest                  D.strongest

17. A. their                      B. our                       C. your                            D. her

18. A. trips                B. picnics                 C. sports                  D. risks

19. A. talk                 B. write                            C. bow                             D. fly

20. A. sing                      B. eat                        C. laugh                          D. drive

21. A. important             B. difficult                C. dangerous                 D. different

22. A. loudly                   B. easily                          C. suddenly                   D. recently

23. A. nervous               B. honest                 C. happy                  D. angry

24. A. whether               B. if                           C. or                          D. but

25. A. exams                  B. hobbies                      C. interviews                  D.adventures

答案及解析

本文介绍了作者的两位哥哥——马丁和马特长得很像,但是性格却不同,马特很活跃并且爱玩,上课不仔细听老师讲课,而马丁比较安静,学习很努力。

16. B【解析】句意:或许因为我是最小的孩子,并且是他们唯一的妹妹。fattest最胖的; youngest最幼小的; rudest 最粗鲁的; strongest最强壮的。根据 I have two older brothers可知,作者在家里是最小的孩子,所以空格处填 youngest故选 B

17. A【解析】句意:他们的短发和大眼睛让他们看起来很像。their 他们的; our我们的; your 你的; her她的。根据 They look alike可知,马特和马丁都有短发和大眼睛,所以看起来很像,故空格处填 their故选 A

18. C【解析】句意:因为他们都喜欢户外运动,所以他们也晒得很黑。trips 旅行; picnics 野餐; sports 运动; risks 风险。根据 For example, Matt likes football and Martin is a tennis player由足球和网球可知,他们都喜欢户外运动,因此晒得很黑,所以空格处填sports故选 C

19. A【解析】句意:他们比我高,当我跟他们说话时,我总是要仰望。talk说话; write 写; bow 鞠躬; fly 飞。根据 They are much taller than me and I always have to look up可知,哥哥们比作者高,作者在跟他们说话时需要仰望着他们,其他动作不需要看着对方, fly 飞不符合逻辑,所以空格处填 talk故选 A

20. B【解析】句意:他们都喜欢吃,所以妈妈经常说他们总是非常饿。sing 唱歌; eat吃; laugh 笑; drive 开车。根据 so Mum often says that they could eat a horse,由妈妈说他们总是非常饿可知,他们都喜欢吃,故空格处填 eat故选 B

21. D【解析】句意:他们的性格非常不同。important重要的; difficult困难的; dangerous 危险的; different不同的。根据 Matt is very active and lively Martin, on the other hand, is the quiet one可知,马特非常活泼,而马丁比较安静,由此可见,他俩的性格是不同的,所以空格处填 different故选 D

22. B【解析】句意:他经常参加俱乐部活动,很容易与人相处。loudly 大声地; easily 容易地; suddenly 突然; recently 最近。根据 Matt is very active and lively. He often takes part in club activities,可知,他非常活泼,又经常参加俱乐部活动,所以很容易跟人相处,故空格处填 easily故选 B

23. C【解析】句意:有时妈妈对马特不满意,因为他玩得太多,上课时不仔细听老师讲课。nervous 紧张的; honest 诚实的; happy 高兴的; angry 生气的。根据 because he plays so much and does not listen to his teachers carefully when he is in class,可知,马特上课不仔细听老师讲课,所以妈妈对他不满意,固定搭配: be happy with“……感到满意故空格处填 happy。故选 C

24. D【解析】句意:他没有马特活跃,但是他有一群非常亲密朋友。whether是否; if如果; or或者; but 但是。根据 He is less active than Matt he has a really close group of friends可知,虽然马丁没有马特那么活跃,但是他有一群非常亲密的朋友,后文表转折,所以空格处填 but故选 D

25. A【解析】句意:他考试考得很好,因为在学习上他很努力。exams 考试; hobbies 爱好; interviews 面试; adventures 冒险。根据 because he works very hard on his studies可知,他学习很努力,所以考试考得很好,故空格处填 exams故选 A

三、重庆市

Our junior high school life is coming to an end. So my classmates and I decided to make a special___11___for our own favorite teacher in the ceramics陶艺) class.

After being dried for a long time in the fire, our gifts for teachers were___12___.Chen Hui took them out of the kiln(窑). CRASH 碎裂声) ! His cup, Xiao Yao’s___13___, and my heart broke into pieces all over the floor.

“My elephant lost her trunk(象鼻) !” Xiao Yao shouted. “My heart is broken!”I ___14___ almost at the same time.“I’m so sorry!” Chen Hui said.

“Bring___15___to the repair station,” said Xiao Yao, “Let’s see what we can do with some magic ___16___the magic glue worked only on Chen Hui’s cup. The trunk and glue. “ We tried many times, the heart were in too many broken bits to put back together.

“Now my elephant has a short nose instead of a trunk,” said Xiao Yao, “It___17___ like a little dog with big ears. And it’s___18___lovely! Let’s call it doglephant!”

“A cute doglephant! Cool! You just turned the accident into a happy one!” I said. And right then, I knew___19___ to do. Maybe I could make a mosaic 镶嵌画) by using the pieces of my broken heart.

When it was all done, everyone thought it was pretty cool. Yes, my present didn’t turn out the way I’d planned, but it turned out even___20___!

11. A. gift                  B. hat                        C. bag                       D. coat

12. A. safe                B. broken                  C. ready                    D. wet

13. A. dog                 B. elephant              C. cat                        D. panda

14. A. smiled            B. read                      C. wrote                    D. cried

15. A. something     B. nothing                C. everything           D. anything

16. A. as                   B. but                        C. so                         D. though

17. A. looks              B. sounds                 C. smells                  D. tastes

18. A. still                  B. even                     C. almost                  D. hardly

19. A. when             B. how                      C. which                   D. what

20. A. worse             B. better                    C. heavier                D. cheaper

答案及解析

这是一篇记叙文,主要讲的是在初中毕业时,作者和同学准备为自己喜欢的老师用陶艺制作一份礼物,但是,中途出现了点意外——作品被摔了。通过他们的努力修补,最后将作品改造成了比计划中更好的礼物的经历。

11. A【解析】句意:所以我和我的同学们决定在陶艺课上为自己最喜欢的老师制作一份礼物。gift礼物;hat帽子;bag包;coat外套。根据下文中 our gifts for teachers可知,此处指的是礼物,故选A

12. C【解析】句意:在火中烤了很长时间后,我们送给老师的礼物准备好了。safe安全的;broken破碎的;ready准备好;wet湿的。根据常识可知,在火中烤制后,陶艺品就基本完成了,结合选项,故选C

13. B【解析】句意:他的杯子,肖姚的大象,和我的心都碎的满地都是。dog狗;elephant大象;cat猫;panda熊猫。根据My elephant lost her trunk (象鼻)可知,此处指的是肖姚的大象,故选B

14. D【解析】句意:我几乎同时喊了出来。smiled微笑;read读;wrote写;cried喊叫。根据Xiao Yao shoutedalmost at the same time可知,我和肖姚几乎同时喊了出来,结合选项,故选D

15. C【解析】句意:把所有的东西带到维修站。something某事;nothing没有什么;everything一切;anything任何东西。由上文可知,所有的作品都碎了,所以这里指的是把所有东西都带到维修站,故选C

16. B【解析】句意:让我们看看用一些魔法胶能做些什么,但是魔法胶水只是对陈辉的杯子上有用。as因为;but但是;so所以;though虽然。根据句意可知,大家都希望魔法胶水有用,但是和预期的不一样,胶水只对杯子起作用,句意上有转折,故选B

17. A【解析】句意:它看起来像一只长着大耳朵的小狗。looks看起来;sounds听起来;smells闻起来;tastes尝起来。look like看起来像,固定短语且符合句意,故选A

18. A【解析】句意:它仍然很可爱。still仍然;even甚至;almost几乎;hardly几乎不。根据 Let’s call it doglephant可知,这里指的是仍然很可爱,故选A

19. D【解析】句意:就在那时,我知道该做些什么。when何时;how如何;which哪一个;what什么。根据下文Maybe I could make a mosaic 镶嵌画) by using the pieces of my broken heart.可知,我受doglephant的启发,用碎了的心去制作一幅镶嵌画,所以这里指的是我知道该做些什么了,whatdo的宾语,故选D

20. B【解析】句意:是的,我的礼物没有像我计划的那样,但它甚至更好!worse更糟;better更好;heavier更重;cheaper更便宜。根据When it was all done, everyone thought it was pretty cool(当它全部完成时,每个人都认为它很酷)可推断,这个比计划中的成品更好,故选B

四、河北省

 Whenever the exam season comes, stress(焦虑) may come along. Here are some___41___ that helped me and my friends through this season.

When the stress of exams is really hitting me, I stop and take a walk. I usually borrow my neighbor’s dog and___42___for about fifteen minutes. Many boys would simply choose to run for a while, or play ball games. Having some___43___ drives away your stress easily most of the time.

And___44___you find music helpful, give it a go. Listening to your favorite songs will surely make you___45___. The best thing about this is that you don’t have to go___46___. But if you are a book lover just like me___47___a book you like for half an hour. Reading can take you to places you’ve___48___been putting yourself into a new world helps you forget your stress in this world for a little bit.

For sure, there’s nothing better than laughing. Laughing is the best medicine. It can really keep   ___49___off your mind! Very often I call my best friend and we___50___our good times orsomething funny, and I’m feeling better before I know it.

Remember many others also face the problem of stress just like you, and it is not something that cannot be dealt with.

41. A. way                B. reasons                C. habits                   D. results

42. A. walk               B. jump                     C. stand                    D. sit

43. A. jokes              B. sports                   C. tasks                    D. lessons

44. A. before            B. until                      C. since                    D. if

45. A. lovely             B. friendly                 C. happy                  D. sleepy

46. A. somewhere   B. everywhere         C. anywhere            D. nowhere

47. A. copy               B. write                      C. print                      D. read

48. A. ever                B. never                    C. seldom                 D. always

49. A. worry              B. pity                        C. surprise               D. pain

50. A. think about   B. talk about             C. care about           D. hear about

答案及解析

41.A【解析】句意:这里有一些方法可以帮助我和我的朋友度过这个季节。way 方法; reasons 原因; habits 习惯; results 结果;根据句意理解及后句 that helped me and my friends through this season 可知,这里表达的是方法故选 A

42. A【解析】句意:我通常借邻居家的狗去散步 15 分钟左右。walk 走路; jump 跳; stand 站; sit 坐;根据句意理解及前文 I stop and take a walk.可知,这里表达的是借狗去散步故选 A

43. B【解析】句意:大多数时候,做些运动可以轻松地消除你的压力。jokes 玩笑; sports 运动; tasks 任务; lessons 课程;根据句意理解及前句 Many boys would simply choose to run for a while, or play ball games.可知,这里表达的是运动故选 B

44. D【解析】句意:如果你发现音乐对你有帮助,随便听听。before ……之前; until 直到……才; since 自从; if 如果;根据句意理解及后句 give it a go 可知,这里表达的是一种假设,表示如果故选 D

45. C【解析】句意:听你最喜欢的歌一定会让你快乐。lovely 可爱的; friendly 友好的; happy 快乐的; sleepy 困倦的;根据句意理解及句中的Listening to your favorite songs 可知,这里指的是快乐故选 C

46. C【解析】句意:最好的是你不用去任何地方。somewhere 某处; everywhere 到处; anywhere 某个地方,任何地方; nowhere 无处;根据句意理解可知,这里表达的是某个地方而本句是否定句,所以这里应该用anywhere 表示,故选 C

47. D【解析】句意:读一本你喜欢的书半个小时。copy 复制; write 写; print 打印; read 读;根据句意理解及前句 But if you are a book lover just like me 可知,这里表达的是读书故选 D

48. B【解析】句意:阅读可以把你带到你从未去过的地方。ever 曾经; never 从不; seldom 很少,不常; always 总是;根据句意理解及后句 putting yourself into a new world helps you forget your stress in this world for a little bit.可知,这里表达的是从未去过的地方故选 B

49. A【解析】句意:它真的可以让你不再忧虑!worry 担心; pity 可惜; surprise 惊讶; pain 痛苦;根据句意理解及前文 Whenever the exam season comes, stress(焦虑) may come along 及后文 our good times or something funny,and I’m feeling better before I know it.可知,这里表达的是忘掉忧虑故选 A

50. B【解析】句意:我们谈论我们的美好时光或一些有趣的事情。think about 考虑; talk about 谈论; care about 关心; hear about 听说;根据句意理解及空格后的部分 our good times or something funny 可知,这里表达的是谈论故选 B

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  • 发表于 2021-04-27 19:17
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