2 Those who want to can take part in a race.

请问老师这句话里面,Those who want to can take part in a race.里面,

定语从句who want to 成分不完整 ,是不是避免重复省略 take park in a race ?

这是属于省略了定语从句什么成分吗?

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最佳答案 2023-04-11 18:01

你的理解和分析是对的。不定式短语“to (= to take part in a race)”作定语从句中谓语动词want的宾语。

《牛津英语用法指南》指出:如果意思清楚的话,可以不重复使用整个动词不定式(和后面的词语),而用to代替《葛传槼英语惯用法词典》中还指出:这种用法在口语中比在文字里普通”。也就是说,to之后重复的动词和其后的词语可以补上去,但句子会显得过于正式且累赘,所以在日常会话中人们都会将重复的动词和其后的词语一起省略。又如:

You may go if you wish to.to = to go

He wanted to do it, but I told him not to.to = to do it

Though you do not want to ask him again, I am afraid you will have to.to = to ask him again

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  • 029BB   提出于 2023-04-10 17:16