4 句子分析

各位老师,我这里有3个问题不是很懂。句子来自于雅思阅读剑桥4Test3 Passage 3 Obtaining Linguistic Data

原文:

Many factors must be considered when selecting informants---whether one is working with single speakers(a common situation when languages have not been described before), two people interacting, small groups or large scale samples.

Question:

这里的single speakers 这里为什么用的是复数形式?

when selecting informants 的省略,不应该是这里的主语和前面的主语一致时,才会出现省略吗?可前面的主语是many factors, 从句的主语应该是we这类的词

whether one is working with.....two people interacting, small groups or large scale samples

黑体的部分,是不是省略调了 (it is) two people interacting, small groups or.....

先谢谢各位老师了!

请先 登录 后评论

最佳答案 2022-02-27 21:38

-whether one is working with single speakers, two people interacting, small groups or large scale samples. 这里是working with A, B, C or D 四项并列。single speakers指单一说话者,即此人提供的语言素材为一个人描述或讲述事情时的素材,需要不止一个这样的人,所以用复数。

Many factors must be considered when selecting informants ... 注意主句谓语为被动语态,换成主动语态则为,One must consider many factors when (he is) selecting informants...你现在可以看出when从句省略的主语(和be)与句子主语是同一个人。然后这个句子改为被动语态,就是你的句子。由于读者可以很容易判断出when从句省略的主语就是被动语态动词的施事者,不会误解,所以这种句子是可以被接受的。

请先 登录 后评论

其它 0 个回答

  • 1 关注
  • 0 收藏,1431 浏览
  • 一步一脚印 提出于 2022-02-27 19:19