新概念三( 第39课)句子分析(涉及主语从句)

老师好!新概念三,第39课里有一句话:

What a relief it was when the boulders suddenly disappeared, giving way to a stretch of plain where the only obstacles are clumps of bushes.

请问前半句(逗号以前)如何进行语法分析?

我直觉是这句话应该写成,what a relief it was that the boulders suddenly disappeared. it 是形式主语,指代后面的 that 从句,从句里主语是 the boulders, 谓语 disappeared (这个从句是个什么从句?主语从句?)

但如果是原文中when引导的从句,我就不太明白了,也是主语从句?主语the boulders, 谓语 disappeared, when 是副词充当时间状语?

表述有点零乱,请老师帮忙分析一下,谢谢!

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最佳答案 2024-01-08 10:46

1主句:What a relief it was真是让人松了口气。

2从句:when the boulders suddenly disappeared,giving way to a stretch of plain where the only obstacles are clumps of bushes.当巨石突然消失不见,取而代之的是一片平原,唯一的障碍是一簇簇的矮树/灌木丛。

备注(1):what a relief it was为what引导名词性感叹分句作主句。类似于It was a great relief(真是松了了一口气)

备注(2):when the boulders...为从属连词引导时间状语从句作(主句的)时间状语。

备注(3): giving way to...为现在分词作结果状语,因为巨石挡住/遮住了平原,所以巨石消失导致平原出现的结果。

备注(4):where the only obstacles are clumps of bushes.为关系副词where引导定语从句修饰名词a stretch of plain并在定语从句作地点状语。

备注(5):what a relief it was类似于It was a great relief(真是松了了一口气),如果把它变成一个感叹句就是What a (great) relief it was!再把它变成名词性感叹分句作主句就是What a (great) relief it was.

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  • strongtina   提出于 2024-01-05 17:03