5 请教本句like及之后的句子成分

attachments-2023-11-eBxQjvhK6543ad97c37e9.jpg

The beautiful mausoleum was designed to look like what the emperor hoped would be Mumtaz's home in the afterlife.
请问划红线的句子中like及之后的句子成分该如何分析?
个人理解:

一、like在这里是一个连词,引导一个表语从句。这个表语从句又包含一个嵌入式名词性关系分句,原来的语序是 the emperor hoped what would be Mumtaz's home in the afterlife.

二、like在这里是一个介词,则后面是其宾语从句。这个宾语从句由what引导,并插入了the emperor hoped这个主谓结构。

请老师们指教,谢谢!

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最佳答案 2023-11-03 14:04

首先look like(看起来像)为表象系动词(look)+介词(like)结构, like的词性为介词,不是连词。

The beautiful mausoleum was designed to look like what the emperor hoped would be Mumtaz's home in the afterlife.

参考译文:这座美丽的陵墓被设计成皇帝希望将会成为墨姆塔兹死后的家。

备注(1):what the emperor hoped would be Mumtaz's home in the afterlifewhat引导的嵌入式名词性关系分句,作介词like的宾语成分。

备注(2):what 宾语从句里面又嵌套一个主从复合句,the emperor hoped 为主句,what would be Mumtazs home in the afterlife为从句,即是谓语动词hoped的宾语从句。what为宾语从句的主语。

备注(3):what是谓语动词hoped 后面宾语从句的主语成分。相当于the emperor hoped what would be Mumtazs home in the afterlife.

特别备注:在传统语法里:the emperor hoped被分析为插入语。What为介词like宾语从句的主语。

整个句子语法结构分析如下供网友参考

1The beautiful mausoleum主语// was designed谓语动词//  to look like what the emperor hoped would be Mumtaz's home in the afterlife主语补足语谓语动词// .

不定式短语的语法结构分析如下供网友参考

2to look不定式// like what the emperor hoped would be Mumtaz's home in the afterlife表语// .

介词短语的语法结构分析如下供网友参考

3like介词// what the emperor hoped would be Mumtaz's home in the afterlife宾语从句// .

介词宾语从句的语法结构分析如下供网友参考

4what the emperor hoped would be Mumtaz's home in the afterlife

=The emperor主语//hoped谓语动词// what would be Mumtaz's home in the afterlife宾语从句// 

主句:The emperor hoped

从句:what would be Mumtaz's home in the afterlife

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  • 秦雪   提出于 2023-11-02 22:33

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