2 非谓语动词being done和done的区别

非谓语动词:

上海2019年高考题目:

In the recent years, sea erosion has led to many turtles' nest 【】 (damage) or destroyed.

这一空为什么填being damaged, 而不是damaged

老师能具体说一下这里的being damaged在句子中做什么成分?现在分词被动态being done和过去分词done的使用区别吗?

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最佳答案 9小时前

In the recent years, sea erosion has led to many turtles' nest being damaged (damage) or destroyed.

参考译文近年来,海水侵蚀导致许多海龟的巢穴被破坏或者毁坏 

解答:以上应该填“动名词被动结构being damaged

解答:以上many turtles nest being damaged”属于动名词复合结构作介词“to”的宾语成分,“many turtles nest”是动名词“being damaged”逻辑主语。

备注(1):being damaged为动名词被动结构,动名词逻辑主语与动名词逻辑属于被动逻辑主谓关系,所以用动名词被动结构。

备注(2)lead to招致;致使;导致

1lead to +名词 导致某事

Eating too much sugar can lead to health problems.食用过多的糖会引起健康问题。

Ethnic tensions among the republics could lead to civil war.共和国之间紧张的种族关系可能会引发内战。

He warned yesterday that a pay rise for teachers would lead to job cuts.  他昨天警告说,给教师们加薪会导致职位的裁减。

2lead to doing sth 导致做某事

His getting up late led to missing the early bus.他起床晚导致错过了这趟公共汽车。

His laziness led to failing the exam.他懒惰导致他考试不及格。

以上句子语法结构分析如下

In the recent years时间状语,// sea erosion主语// has led to谓语动词// many turtles' nest being damaged or destroyed宾语.

参考译文近年来,海水侵蚀导致许多海龟的巢穴被破坏或者毁坏 

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