4 谓语为被动语态其后成分分析

1.The former has been put down to social effects, such as a strong tradition of valuing education.

2.The latter was seen as a consequence of genetic isolation.

疑问:

1.个人理解1句还原主动sb(S)has put(V)the former(O)down to social effects(C)。原句被动 to social effects 请问是变成了主语补足语还是状语呢?

2.同理2句的as a consequence of...是主语补足语还是状语呢?

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最佳答案 2021-05-04 14:52

1.The former has been put down to social effects, such as a strong tradition of valuing education.

2.The latter was seen as a consequence of genetic isolation.

句1,无论句子是主动语态,或是被动语态,黑体部分都是状语,是广义的地点状语,由于 put down...to... 成为固定搭配,意为 “把......归结于”,所以to social effects 为必具性状语,不可缺少。不存在宾语补足语或主语补足语之说。

句2,黑体部分是主语补足语;句子在主动语态时,是宾语补足语。

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  • 空空来啦 提出于 2021-05-04 11:25