动名词复合结构做主语与表语

A man being rich is like a girl being pretty.

该句中是being rich, being pretty在分别做句子主语和表语吧?manbeing rich 的逻辑主语?

那么,能否把being rich 理解成现在分词做后置定定语?如果可以,两句之间意思上有什么不同?

谢谢老师。

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最佳答案 2024-04-28 20:16

这个句子我认为可以分析为动名词分句做主语和表语,理由如下:

现在大家对动名词分句的认定一般分为三种形式:

1) Him stupidly missing the penalty lost us the game.

2) His stupidly missing the penalty lost us the game.

3) His stupid missing of the penalty lost us the game.

第一个句子是宾格动名词形式,但是,在主语为名词的时候,英语分不出主宾格,所以就会出现这样的例子:

Bill eating ice cream is not a pretty sight.

在该句中,eating被认为是中心词。这在夸克语法也有说明If the -ing clause has a subject, the item realizing the subject may be in the genitive case or otherwise in the objective case (for pronouns having a distinctive objective case) or common case (for all other noun phrases).

类似的例句我引用Aarts 文章:

[The deliberate sinking of the ship] was a criminal act.

[The navy deliberately sinking the ship] was a criminal act.

第一个例句是 verbal nouns heading noun phrases,第二个例句是verbs heading clausal structures

大家传统上称ing词为动名词,但Aarts认为:We follow many modern grammars which prefer to regard structures headed by “verbal gerunds” like those in (4–6) as nonfinite clauses (see e.g. Quirk et al. 1985: 1063–64; Huddleston and Pullum et al. 2002: 80–83, Chap. 14; Aarts 2011: 221–31).

当然,蒋老师分析为分词定语是一种最常用的现象,但这里应该予以区分,比如下面例句:The young lady sitting next to you was wearing the T-shirt … [DI-B54 #64] (37) The traffic you are worried about is the traffic going towards London. [DL-B27 #40]  these clauses function as modifiers within noun phrases.

如何区分动名词还是分词,恐怕还是要从句法和语义着手,首先是看其语法功能,是名词位置还是形容词副词位置,其次,看ing句本身的语义问题。大家都知道,动名词没有明显的时间性,表示的往往是一种抽象的性质,和分词的时间性区别明显。在时和体上是中立的。其效果就是将分句事件提升为类型范围级别,并从具体的上下文(词汇语法上)推导出其作为事件标记的特性。

一家之言,仅供参考!

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其它 2 个回答

蒋达权  

A man being rich is like a girl being pretty.

句中的 being rich being pretty 只能理解为后置定语,分别修饰 a man a girl。相当于:A man who is rich is like a girl who is pretty.

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陈才   - 英语教师
擅长:中考英语,词法问题

赞同蒋大权老师解答观点。网友提供英语句子,只能按照现在分词作后置定语理解,不能按照动名词理解因为动名词不能作后置定语

A man being rich is like a girl being pretty. 富有的男人就像漂亮的女孩。

备注(1):以上句子主干结构  A man is like a girl. 不是being rich is like being pretty.

备注(2):being rich是主语(a man)的必具后置修饰语,是表语(a girl)必具后置修饰语。

备注(3):being richbeing pretty属于静态动词现在分词作后置定语,相当于一般体定语从句作后置定语a man being rich=a man who is rich.  a girl being pretty=a girl who is pretty


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  • quanfa   提出于 2024-04-25 20:07