分析句子结构(than whom...)

She is a lady than whom I can imagine no one more courteous.

辛苦老师分析一下句子结构,谢谢。

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最佳答案 2024-04-01 08:45

She is a lady than whom I can imagine no one more courteous.

than whom是一个约定成俗的说法,而且相当正式,用以引导定语从句。从句形式上用的是比较级,但因这类定语从句通常是否定的,所以句中的“否定词+比较级”实际上隐含的是最高级含义。即句中的 than whom I can imagine no one more courteous 是定语从句,修饰 a lady。句中的关系代词 whom 指代先行词 a lady,所以定语从句的字面意思可理解为:

I can imagine no one more courteous than her. 我想象不出有谁比她更有礼貌(即她最有礼貌)。

She is a lady than whom I can imagine no one more courteous. 的意思就是:她比我能想象出的任何人都更有礼貌。

顺便说一句,这类定语从句中的 than whom 不能将 than 放在句末,即通常不说:

* She is a lady whom I can imagine no one more courteous than.

更多相关例句如:

He is a person than whom I think no one is more polite. 我觉得他这人比别人都更有礼貌。

She is a woman than whom no one is more selfish. 没有比她更自私的女人了。

He is a novelist than whom none is better. 他是一位无人能望其项背的小说家。

He is a scientist than whom I can imagine no one greater. 我想不出一个比他更伟大的科学家了。

He is a man than whom no one has a better right to speak. 他比任何人都更有权利发言。


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  • quanfa   提出于 2024-03-29 17:43