2 So的用法疑问 (求曹老师回答)

1.In history, the Silk Road included many routes that connected east and south Asia to Mediterranean Europe, so named because the largest goods traded down the route were Chinese silk.

问题1这里我们老师把so分析为并列连词,so连接的句子被省略的只剩下了named because...,但我又看到这个句子:Blue star sapphires are so named because of the distinctive mark found at their centre.(蓝星宝石,因宝石中心处带有独特的星星标志而得名)

这里的so明显是副词,那么原句的so到底是什么词性?so named是并列句还是状语?

2.Just as large companies are having to cut back, so small businesses are being forced to close.(大公司不得不缩紧,小企业则被迫关闭).

问题2出自牛津字典,牛津字典把so分析为连词,但as是从属连词,so是并列连词,怎么能在一起呢?牛津字典的例句是否有误?

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最佳答案 2022-06-27 22:06

1 这个句子中的so不是并列连词,而是方式副词,so意为如此、这样。即 the silk road was so named because... 丝绸之路被这样命名是因为...so named because...是一个过去分词短语,对主句the silk road作补充说明,你可以把这个过去分词短语分析为补充语。

2 just as..., so... 合起来是一个从属关联连词。其中as是从属连词引导从句,so是副词置于主句之首。so在此并不是并列连词。so表示也的意思,正如...那样,......。例句没有错误,解释似乎有些问题。

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