3 动词词组/动词短语/短语动词 之间概念的区别是什么

我最近在学新编《新编英语语法教程》,在书中提到的动词词组的概念是:

动词词组是以主动词(Main Verb)为中心词的词组。动词词组可能只包括一个主动词或者主动词带修饰语,这叫做“简单动词词组”(Simple Verb Phrase)。例如:

She looks pale.

John arrived last night.

They fully appreciate our problems.

We utterly detested him.

动词词组也可以由一个或一个以上的助动词加主动词构成,这叫做“复杂动词词组” (Complex Verb Phrase) a Wilty:

It is getting dark.

She ought to have told him about it.

The children might have been playing in the garden.

复杂动词词组也可带有修饰语。例如:

Joan will certainly object and so will Mary.

I have rarely reviewed a more dishonest book.

He may really have injured innocent people

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在之前的学习中例如look after/take off 这类动词+介词的类型应该是动词短语,那么在句子成分的分析中怎么分析动词词组、动词短语和短语动词呢?

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最佳答案 2022-06-23 21:53

解答如下:仅供参考!

动词词组带有修饰词的动词叫作动词词组即带有状语修饰语的动词称作为动词词组。

The dog died suddenly yesterday.这条狗昨天突然死了。

备注(1)died suddenly yesterday叫作动词词组。

备注(2)suddenly修饰谓语动词died作方式状语。

备注(3)yesterday修饰谓语动词died作时间状语。

动词短语:后面带有名词和介词的动词叫作动词短语即由动词+名词+介词构成的叫动词短语:

take the place of 代替;take care of 照顾/照看

These new facilities will take the place of the old ones.  

这些新设备将代替那些旧的。

 I will take care of  them to the best of my abilities.  

我将尽我所能地照顾他们。

备注:动词短语:短语为中心词,动词为修饰词。

短语动词:由动词+介词或者由动词+小品副词构成叫短语动词。look after照顾; take off 脱掉

Mary looked after  her sick mother at home yesterday.look after 为动词+介词 结构

玛丽昨天在家照顾她生病的妈妈。备注:动词+介词结构,其宾语只能放在介词后面。

She took off  her spectacles.  她摘下了眼镜。take off为动词+副词结构

备注:动词+小品副词结构,其宾语可以放在副词后面也可以放在副词前面,如果是代词只能放在中间。

备注:短语动词,动词为中心词,短语为修饰词。

温馨提示:以上解答仅是个人观点和理解。仅供参考!

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